Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925

Diptera, Agromyzidae

On Anemone

Phytomyza anemones: mine on Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa, eastern Denemark © Simon Haarder

Phytomyza anemones: mine on Anemone nemorosa

gallery section of the mine

Phytomyza anemones: larva

larva (rear end); also a part is visible of the very beginning of the gallery

Phytomyza anemones: vacated mines on Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa, Denmark, Geelskov © Morten Kofoed-Hansen

mine

fairly transparant, upper-surface, gradually widening gallery, forming a secondary blotch near the end. Primary and secondary feeding lines present in fresh mines. Frass in isolated grains of increasing size. Pupation now inside, then outside the mine (Hering, 1957a); however, according to Pakalniškis (2004a) pupation invariably is internal, below the upper epidermis. According to Griffiths (1956a) several larvae in a leaf.

hostplants

Ranunculaceae, oligophagous

Anemone coronaria, hortensis, nemorosa; Clematis flammula.

phenology

Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden and Finland to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Germany; also Lithuania and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); Malta Černý, 2004a).

larva

Described by Hering (1967a, as clematobia); mandible two-teethed alternating; front spiraculum fist-shaped with 9 papillae, rear spiraculum with 13 papillae, arranged in a horse shoe.

puparium

Reddish-brown, with the rear spiracula conspicuously elongated (depicted in Hering, 1925b and de Meijere, 1937a).

synonyms

Phytomyza clematobia Hering, 1967.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 1970a), Buhr (1930a, 1932a, 1941b), Černý (2004a, 2011a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1956a,b), Hering (1925b, 1957a, 1967a), de Meijere (1937a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Pakalniškis (1990a, 2004a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1936a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1973c, 1976a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).

19/10/2014

pub 29.xi.2014 · mod 6.vii.2017