Phytomyza anemones Hering, 1925
Anemone nemorosa, eastern Denemark © Simon Haarder
gallery section of the mine
larva (rear end); also a part is visible of the very beginning of the gallery
Anemone nemorosa, Denmark, Geelskov © Morten Kofoed-Hansen
fairly transparant, upper-surface, gradually widening gallery, forming a secondary blotch near the end. Primary and secondary feeding lines present in fresh mines. Frass in isolated grains of increasing size. Pupation now inside, then outside the mine (Hering, 1957a); however, according to Pakalniškis (2004a) pupation invariably is internal, below the upper epidermis. According to Griffiths (1956a) several larvae in a leaf.
Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2008).
distribution within Europe
From Sweden and Finland to the Pyrenees and Italy, and from Ireland to Germany; also Lithuania and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); Malta Černý, 2004a).
Described by Hering (1967a, as clematobia); mandible two-teethed alternating; front spiraculum fist-shaped with 9 papillae, rear spiraculum with 13 papillae, arranged in a horse shoe.
Reddish-brown, with the rear spiracula conspicuously elongated (depicted in Hering, 1925b and de Meijere, 1937a).
Phytomyza clematobia Hering, 1967.
Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1960a, 1970a), Buhr (1930a, 1932a, 1941b), Černý (2004a, 2011a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1956a,b), Hering (1925b, 1957a, 1967a), de Meijere (1937a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Pakalniškis (1990a, 2004a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1936a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1972a, 1973c, 1976a), Starý (1930a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a).