Phytomyza tetrasticha Hendel, 1927

Diptera, Agromyzidae

Phytomyza tetrasticha: mines on Mentha spec.

Mentha spec., Belgium, prov. East Flanders, Oudenaarde, forêt t’Ename © Carina Van Steenwinkel

Phytomyza tetrasticha: mine on Mentha spec.

secondary feeding lines conspicuous

Phytomyza tetrasticha: mine on Mentha spec.

vacated mine

Phytomyza tetrasticha: puparium

pupariunm, dorsal view

Phytomyza tetrasticha on Mentha aquatica

Mentha aquatica, Oostvoorne, Tenellaplas

Phytomyza tetrasticha on Mentha aquatica detail

same mine, detail

mine

Upper surface. The mine begins as a short, cpompact brown spiral, followed by a secondary blotch, often at the leaf margin. Often spiral and blotch are separated by a recognisable corridor segment. Secondary feeding lines conspicuous (in fresh mines). Pupation outside the mine; sometimes pupation occurs earlier but then the exit slit already has been made, and the spiracula do not penetrate the plant epidermis.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Mentha aquatica, arvensis, longifolia, x piperita, x rotundifolia.

References to other hostplants than Mentha are incorrect (Nowakowski, 1959a).

phenology

Larvae from May to August in two generations (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus, 1995a).

NE end of August an empty mine was found at Oostvoorne; in 2009 another mine found by Steven IJland in the Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland; also Bulgaria and Thrace (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

Rear spiraculum with 23-25 papillae.

references

Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland (1994c), Buhr (1932a, 1941b, 1964a), Černý (2001a, 2011a), Černý & Merz (2007a), Ci̇velek, Çikman & Dursun (2008a), Drăghia (1972a, 1974a), Dreger & Myssura (2005a), Griffiths (1962a), Hering (1931a, 1932g, 1957a), Iwasaki (1997b), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1954a, 1959a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a), Robbins (1991a), Scheirs, De Bruyn & von Tschirnhaus (1995a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Spencer (1965a, 1972a, 1976a), von Tschirnhaus (1999a), Zoerner (1969a).

27/04/2017

pub 28.iv.2017 · mod 28.vi.2017