Chirosia betuleti (Ringdahl, 1935)

Chirosia betuleti: gall on Dryopteris filix-mas

Dryopteris filix-mas, Nunspeet

Chirosia betuleti: living larva

Dryopteris filix-mas, Belgium, prov. Namur, Dourbes, Tienne Delvaux © Stéphane Claerebout: living lrva

mine

Larva in the leaf tip, that is strongly contorted. An elongated white egg shell is visible at the centre of the mass. The biology is described in detail by de Meijere (1911a).

hostplants

Dryopteridaceae, Woodsiaceae, ? Thelypteridaceae; narrowly polyphagous on Pteridophyta

Athyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris cristata, dilatata, filix-mas.

Recorded by Dietrich (2016a) from Thelytpteris limbosperma.. In eastern Canada often on Onoclea struthiopteris (von Aderkas & Peterson (1987a). Records of Pteridium aquilinum by Tomasi (2003a, 2014a) are improbable.

phenology

Found by de Meijere end June-early July. I myself found a larva as early as eind May.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Jean-Yves Baugnée, 2009, Gesves, prov. Namur).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Lambinon ao, 2001b).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland and Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2007).

larva

puparium

Described by von Aderkas & Peterson (1987a).

synonyms

Anthomyia, Chirosia, Chortophila, Craspedochaeta signata (Brischke, 1888).

notes

Although this species makes a gall, rather than a mine, it was included by Hering (1957a) treated in in his major work.

references

von Aderkas & Peterson (1987a), Béguinot (2007b), Bellmann (2012a), Beuk, Prijs & de Jong (2002a), Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Chinery (2011a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Dietrich (2016a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Groom (2011a), Hering (1957a), Houard (1908a), Kolomoec ao (1989a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon & Romain (2009a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), de Meijere (1911a, 1939a), O’Connor & O’Connor (1999a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Roskam (2009a), Seidel (1957a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Stănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2003a, 2014a).

02/09/2016

pub 6.iv.2017 · mod 17.viii.2017