Pegomya bicolor (Wiedemann, 1817)

Diptera, Anthomyiidae

mine

Large blotch, theoretically upper-surface, but often virtually full depth, often preceded by a short, broad corridor. Usually several larvae in a mine. The larvae can leave their mine and make a new one elsewhere. At the start of the first mine a small group of oval, whitish, egg shells. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Polygonaceae, oligophagous

Fagopyrum tataricum; Oxyria; Persicaria amphibia, hydropiper, maculosa; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, alpinus, conglomeratus, crispus, multifidus, obtusifolius.

Mainly on Persicaria (Hering, 1957a). Also observed in botanical gardens on Oxyria digyna and Begonia by Hering (1924b, 1930b).

Godfray (1986a) reared Pegomya‘s from a number of Rumex species, abd obtained only from R. acetosa 30% adults of bicolor.

Xenophagously bred from Begonia (Hering, 1957a).

phenology

Several generations (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Gosseries & Ackland, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva, puparium

see Dušek (1970a), Stork (1936a).

Pegomya bicolor: cephalic skeleton

cephalic skeleton of P. bicolor; from Dušek (1970a)

Pegomya solennis: cephalic skeleton

for comparison: cephalic skeleton of P. solennis

synonyms

Pegomya jynx Séguy, 1926; P. cinereorufa (Ringdahl, 1930).

notes

according to Hering (1957a) the species is very numerous on Persicara (“non-winding Polygonum”); he distinguishes the larva from the one of P. solennis by the presence of a small apical protuberance. However, this is not mentioned by Dušek in het revision of the larvae of Pegomya; the difference in the cephalic skeletons is definite.

references

Amsel & Hering (1933a), Beiger (1958a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk, Prijs & de Jong (2002a), Buhr (1933a, 1941b, 1964a), Darvas, Skuhravá & Andersen (2000a), Dušek (1970a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Godfray (1986a), Gosseries & Ackland (1991a), Hering (1923a, 1924b, 1930b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kabos (1975a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1939a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1954a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Stork (1936a), Suwa (1974a), Teschner (1999a), Zoerner (1969a).

26/01/2017

mod 18.vii.2017