Scaptomyza graminum (Fallén, 1823)

Scaptomyza graminum mine

Cerastium glomeratum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Ardenne; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

mine

The mine starts as a long, narrow, winding corridor running towards the midrib, widening there to a blotch. Usually upper-surface, but in small leaves also full-depth parts may occur. The blotch has broad lobes; in their ends most frass is accumulated in the form of green patches or clouds. Sometimes several larvae share mine. Pupation usually in the soil, less often in the leaf (and then generally not in the mine itself but in a small separated mine, that may even be made in the petiole).

hostplants

narrow polyphagous, preference for Caryophyllaceae and to lesser degree also Chenopodiaceae

Agrostemma githago; Amaranthus; Allium ampeloprasum, cepa; Anthyllis vulneraria; Arenaria serpyllifolia; Atriplex hortensis; Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima; Cerastium arvense, fontanum & subsp. vulgare, glomeratum, semidemcandrum; Chenopodium album, hybridum; Corrigiola; Dianthus barbatus, caryophyllus, carthusianorum, barbatus, graniticus, monspessulanus, scaber, segueri, sylvestris; Gypsophila elegans, paniculata, repens; Honckenya peploides; Lupinus; Medicago carstiensis; Moehringia trinervia; Montia; Myosoton aquaticum; Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Portulaca; Salicornia; Saponaria officinalis; Silene aegyptiaca, alba, alpestris, asteris, baccifera, coelirosa, coronaria, dioica, flos-cuculi, fulgens, fuscata, gallica, x haageana, noctiflora, nutans, otites, pygmaea, vulgaris; Spergularia; Spinacia Stellaria alsine, graminea, holostea, media, nemorum, palustris; Trigonella; Vicia faba; Vaccaria; Viscaria oculata.

phenology

Larvae practically the whole year (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Gosseries, 1991a).

NE recorded (de Meijere, 1939a).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

puparium

synonyms

Scaptomyza, Scaptomyzella incana (Meigen, 1830), Scaptomyza tetrasticha Becker, 1908.

references

Ahr (1966a), Amsel & Hering (1931a, 1933a), Beiger (1955a, 1960a, 1965a, 1970a, 1979a), Beuk (2002b), Bland (1994b), Buhr (1933a, 1964a), Drăghia (1972a), Gosseries (1991a), Hendel (1928a), Hering (1924a,b, 1925b, 1927a, 1932a, 1957a,b), Huber (1969a), Kvičala (1938a), Máca (1972a), Maček (1999a), de Meijere (1939a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1954a), Okada (1968a), Ostrauskas, Pakalniškis & Taluntyte (2003a), Pakalniškis (1983a), Robbins (1991a), Séguy (1950a), Seidel (1957a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Zoerner (1969a).

28/01/2017

mod 25.vii.2017