Urophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

Diptera, Tephritidae

on Cirsium

Urophora cardui: gall on Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Urophora cardui gall

Cirsium arvense, Belgium © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Urophora cardui gall

Cirsium arvense, Wellerlooi

Urophora cardui: gall in midrib

Cirsium arvense, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman; here not the stem is galled, but the midrib of a leaf

Cirsium arvense, Tilburg, de Blaak; larvae sticks with its rear end out if its tunnel in the gall

three larvae (one still without black rear end) and an ectoparasitoid

hostplants

Asteraceae, narrowly monophagous

Cirsium arvense, creticum.

synonyms

Euribia cardui.

inquilines

Lauthia cardui.

references

Baugnée (2006a,c), Béguinot (2001c, 2002a), Bellmann (2012a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Dietrich (2016a), Flügel (2016a), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Flügel (2012a), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a),, Lutovinovas (2014a) Niblett (1940a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Smit (2010a), Spooner & Bowdrey (2012a), Stefănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a), Tóth (1969a), White (1988a), White & Korneyev (1998a).

30/09/2016

mod 28.vi.2017