Rabdophaga salicis (Schrank, 1803)

on Salix

Rabdophaga salicis: gall on Salix cinerea

Salix cinerea, Belgium, prov. Namur, Romedenne; leg. Sébastien Carbonnelle © Gilles San Martin

Rabdophaga salicis galls

Salix cinerea, Hoek van Holland, leg Ben van As

Rabdophaga salicis gall

Salix aurita, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Bovigny, Chifontaine: old gall; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rabdophaga salicis pupa

pupa; contrary to the similar Rabdophaga dubiosa the pupa has a spine next to the base of the antenna.


Multilocular, mostly all-sided, ± 10 mm thick and up to 50 mm long irregular swelling of a thin branch; sometime several together, than sometime coalescing. Often that bark is cracked and flaky. The dormant buds are irregularly distributed ver the surface. Fresh galls are green, old ones dark brown. Lesser galls also occur in the petioles and even the midrib. The gall chambers lie in all layers of the wood, each one with a single orange larva or pupa.


Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix alba, arbuscula, aurita, babylonica, caprea, cinerea, daphnoides, elaeagnos, excelsa, glabra, myrsinites, purpurea, repens.

Mainly Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea, repens.


A single generation per year. The larva hibernates in the gall and pupates there in spring.


the mature larva is described by Nijveldt & Yukawa (1982a).


See Stelter (1980a). At the base of the antennae a distinct small tooth (absent in R. dubiosa).


Dasineura salicis; Rabdophaga noduli (Ruebsaamen, 1895).


As a specialised predator lives in the galls Lestodiplosis gammae.


Barnes (1951a), Béguinot (2002e, 2005a, 2006a, 2012a), Bellmann (2012a), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1965a), Cilbircioğlu & Ünal (2009a), Cogolludo (1921a), Coulianos & Holmåsen (1991a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Deckert & Deckert (2016a), Dietrich (2016a), Docters van Leeuwen (1936a), Gagné (2010a), Hellrigl (2010a), Kollár (2011a), Kopelke & Amendt (2002a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Mirumian (2011a), Nijveldt & Yukawa (1982a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonnelle (2015a), Simova-Tošić & Skuhravá (2001a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a,b, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam ao (2005a), Skuhravá, Karimpour, Sadeghi ao (2014a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 1997a, 1999a, 2003a, 2010a, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Carbonnelle (2017a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a, 2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Stelter (1980a), Tomasi (2014a), Unal & Akkuzu (2009a).

mod 17.iii.2018