Rondaniola bursaria (Bremi, 1847)

on Glechoma

Rondaniola bursaria: galls on Glechoma hederacea

Glechoma hederacea, Hungary, Budapest © László Érsek; one gall has already fallen out of the leaf

Rondaniola bursaria: galls on Glechoma hederacea

same leaf, underside

Rondaniola bursaria: galls on Glechoma hederacea

three galls in detail

Rondaniola bursaria: galls on Glechoma hederacea

same galls, underside

Rondaniola bursaria: galls on Glechoma hederacea

two opened galls

Rondaniola bursaria: larva

larva

Rondaniola bursaria galls

Glechoma hederacea, Belgium, prov. Namur, Wiesme, Bois du Roi; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Rondaniola bursaria galls

Glechoma hederacea, Duin en Kruidberg; very young galls, underside of the leaf

Rondaniola bursaria galls

Glechoma hederacea, Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen, Vinkenveld: young galls, upperside


Rondaniola bursaria gall

older galls are higher, and often reddened

Rondaniola bursaria gall

underside

Rondaniola bursaria gall

vertical section

Rondaniola bursaria gall

when the larva is full grown the gall drops off, leaving a ring at the upperside of the leaf

Rondaniola bursaria gall

fallen gall, opened, with full grown larva

gall

Two or more generations per year. Pupation in the gall or in the soil.

hostplants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Glechoma hederacea, hirsuta.

references

Béguinot (2002d,g, 2006a,c, 2007b), Bellmann (2012a), Bruun (2015a), Buhr (1964b), Chinery (2011a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gagné (2010a), Ilie & Marinescu (2011a), Koops (2013a), Lambinon, Carbonelle & Claerebout (2015a), Lambinon, Schneider & Feitz (2001b), Lehmann & Hannover (2016a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Roskam & Carbonelle (2015a), Schremmer (1991a), Seidel (1957a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1996a, 2000a, 2004a, 2007a), Simova-Tošić, Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Postolovski (2007a), Skrzypczyńska (2007a), Skuhravá (2006a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1988a, 1994a,b, 1997a, 1999a,b, 2003a, 2005b,c, 2006a, 2009a, 2010a, 2012a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dončev & Dimitrova (1991a, 1992a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Hellrigl (2001a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Jørgensen (2006a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a), Stefănescu (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 13.xi.2017