Wachtliella krumbholzi Stelter, 1975

on Rhamnus

Wachtliella krumbholzi: gall on Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica Denmark © Simon Haarder

Wachtliella krumbholzi: gall on Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnus cathartica, France, dép. Nord, Zuydcote © Sébastien Carbonelle: opened fruit with larva

Wachtliella krumbholzi: gall on Rhamnus cathartica

parasitoid

gall

the lavae live in the berries, feeding on the developing seeds. Larvae one or more per berry, (pale) orange. Infected berries turn black later than healthy one; eventually they are somehwat larger and iregular, and have dark red spots. Pupation external; univoltine.

hostplants

Rhamnaceae, monophagous

Rhamnus cathartica.

references

Bruun, Haarder, Jørgensen & Skuhravá (2014a), Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Stelter (1975a).

pub 4.ix.2015 · mod 8.ix.2017