Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas, 1878)

polyphagous on herbs

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: apterae on Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Jambes © Stéphane Claerebout

Macrosiphum euphorbiae: aptera

Urtica dioica, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

parasite

Apterae slender, 1-4 mm long, with long antennae, cauda, siphunculi. The colour is green, less often pink. At the underside of the leaves.

hostplants

polyfaag

Acanthus mollis; Acer tataricum; Ailanthus altissima; Alliaria petiolata; Anchusa azurea; Arabidopsis thaliana; Artemisia herba-alba; Beta vulgaris; Calystegia sepium; Cardaria draba; Campsis x tagliabuana; Cistus albidus; Clematis; Convolvulus althaeoides, arvensis; Cucurbita pepo; Eranthis hyemalis; Erophila verna; Escallonia × rigida; Euphorbia segetalis; Forsythia suspensa; Fragaria vesca; Galium aparine; Hydrangea macrophylla; Lactuca sativa, serriola; Lycopersicon esculentum; Matricaria chamomilla; Oxalis debilis; Papaver orientale, setigerum; Peganum harmala; Plantago albicans; Populus alba; Reichardia intermedia; Ricinus communis; Rosa; Rosmarinus officinalis; Sanguisorba minor; Sisymbrium orientale; Solanum dulcamara, melongena, nigrum, tuberosum; Sonchus tenerrimus; Spiraea x bumalda; Symphoricarpos albus; Tamarix canariensis; Trachelium caeruleum; Urospermum dalechampii; Urtica dioica; Vicia faba; Vinca difformis.

synonyms

Macrosiphum solanifolii Ashmead, 1882.

notes

Originally a North American species, presently almost cosmpolitan. Alternates between Rosa and herbs in America, but elsewhere host alternation has been abandoned and hibernation is as vivipara.

references

Barbagallo, Binazzi, Pennacchio & Pollini (2011a), Blackman & Eastop (2017), Hałaj & Osiadacz (2015a), Influential Points (2017), Ripka, Reider & Szalay-Marzsó (1998a).

mod 12.xi.2017