Aphis fabae Scopoli, 1763

Hemiptera, Aphididae

on Euonymus (Philadelphus, Viburnum)

gall

“Aphis fabae” is a complex of subspecies, or species still in the process of speciation. Between them they can hybridise, and the morphological differences are small and variable. Generally, the following subspecies are distinguished: Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis, fabae evonymi, fabae fabae, fabae mordvilkoi, and fabae mordvilkoi.

primary hostplants

Adoxaceae, Celastraceae, Hydrangeaceae: polyphagous

Euonymus europaeus; Philadelphus coronarius; Viburnum opulus.

Not all subspecies live on all three hostplants.


secondary hostplants

strongly polyphagous on herbs, or seedlings of woody plants. Each of the subspecies has a clear preference of one or more hosts plants, but none of them is limited thereto.

Aphis fabae: colohy of apterae

Rumex obtusifolius, Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman, det. Ad Sonnemans

Aphis fabae: galled leaf of Rumex obtusifolius

damage to the plant

hostplants

incomplete list

Achillea ptarmica, salicifoilia; Actaea spicata; Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus hippocastanum; Amaranthus; Angelica archangelica, sylvestris; Anagallis arvensis; Anethum; Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium, sylvestris; Apium graveolens; Arctium; Asclepias syriaca; Asparagus; Atriplex; Berteroa incana; Beta vulgaris; Borago officinalis; Buxus sempervirens; Campanula rapunculoides, trachelium; Callistephus chinensis; Capsella burs-pastoris; Carduus acanthoides, crispus, nutans; Carum cari; Centaurea calcitrapa, scabiosa, stoebe; Centranthus; Chaerophyllum bulbosum; Chamerion angustifolium; Chenopodium album; Cirsium arvense, palustre; Convolvulus; Corandrum sativum; Cornus; Crataegus; Cucumis; Dahlia; Daucus; Deutzia scabra; Digitalis; Echinops; Foeniculum; Fumaria; Galiun; Gentiana lutea; Helianthus; Hyoscyamus aureus, niger; Impatiens balsamina, glandulifera, parviflora; Lupinus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Lyccopsis arvensis; Lysimachia vulgaris; Lythrum; Malus; Malva moschata, neglecta, sylvestris; Myrrhis odorata; Oxalis; Oxyria; Papaver; Pastina sativa; Phacelia tanacetifolia; Phaseolus vulgaris; Pimpinella anisum.major; Pisum; Portulaca; Pyrus; Rheum; Robinia; Rumex; Satureja hortensis; Senecio vulgaris; Seseli linbanotis; Silene diocia; Silybum mariannum;; Solanum tubeosum; Sonchus; Spinacia oleracea; Spiraea japonica; Tagetes; Tripleuospermum inodorum; Tropaeolum majus; Ulmus; Urtica; Valeriana officinalis; Veronica; Vicia faba; Vitis vinifera.

references

Basky (2014a), Blackman & Eastop (2014), Buhr (1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Hellrigl (2004a), Kollár (2007a, 2011a), Lampel & Meier (2007a), Máca (2012a), Nieto Nafría, Mier Durante, García Prieta & Pérez Hidalgo (2005a), Rakauskas & Trukšinaitė (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a).

13/04/2017

pub 13.iv.2017 · mod 13.vii.2017