Phanacis hypochoeridis (Kieffer, 1887)

Hymenoptera, Cynipidae

on Hypochaeris

Phanacis hypochoeridis: gall on Hypochaeris cf glabra

Hypochaeris cf glabra, Spain, Montes de Toledo, Parque Nacional de Cabañeros © Sébastien Carbonelle

Phanacis hypochoeridis: gall on Hypochaeris radicata

Hypochaeris radicata, © Roelof Jan Koops

gall

Conspicuous, up to 5 cm long swelling of the stem (sometime petiole), succulent at first, later hard, surfacece often wrinkled. Within c. 50 gall chambers, each with one larva. Univoltine, hibernation and pupation in the gall.

hostplants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Hypochaeris glabra, radicata.

synonyms

Aulacidia, Aulax, hypochoeridis (hypochaeridis).

notes

the larva is described by Gómez Sanchez (2008a).

references

Buhr (1964a), Ceresa (2015a), Chinery (2011a), Cogolludo (1921a), Dauhpin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Gómez Sanchez (2008a), Hellrigl (2009a), Hellrigl & Bodur (2015a), Koops (2013a), Kwast (2012a), Lambinon, Carbonelle & Claerebout (2015a), Melika (2006a), Nieves-Aldrey (2001a, 2008a), Nieves-Aldrey, Gómez, Hernández Nieves & Lobo (2006a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a), Roskam (2009a), Tomasi (2014a).

13/05/2017

pub 13.v.2017 · mod 28.vi.2017