Tetramesa eximia (Giraud, 1863)

Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae

on ? Ammophila, Calamagrostis

Tetramesa calamagrostidis or eximia: gall on Calamagrostis epigeios

Calamagrostis epigeios, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Vaulx-le-Tournai © Sébastien Carbonelle

Tetramesa calamagrostidis or eximia: gall on Calamagrostis epigeios

after removal of the leaf sheaths

Tetramesa calamagrostidis or eximia: gall on Calamagrostis epigeios

opened gall

Tetramesa calamagrostidis or eximia: gall on Calamagrostis epigeios

another view

gall

The culm, that only in Calamagrostis is swollen very weakly. contains up to twelve gall chambers, one above the other, each with a single larva. Nevertheless, the development of the inflorescence above is hardly diminished. The larvae hibernate in the culm, remain resting the following year, and pupate only in the spring of the third year; the adults emerge later in the summer of that year.

hostplants

Poaceae, oligophagous

? Ammophila arenaria; Calamagrostis epigeios.

notes

the material on the pictures above has not been reared; therefore it cannot be excluded that actually it concerns T. calamagrostidis gaat. Seemingly, both species are unknown from Belgium (PESI, 2017).

The occurrence on Ammophila needs further confirmation. Claridge writes that has extensively studied a population of marram grass without finding any gall.

references

Claridge (1961a), Dawah (1987a), Henneicke, Dawah & Jervis (1992a), Redfern & Shirley (2011a).

21/02/2017

pub 21.ii.2017 · mod 7.viii.2017