Fenella minuta (Dalhbom, 1835)

Fenella minuta mine

Geranium pusillum, Amstelveen, Schinkelbos

Fenella minuta mine

detail

start of th mine

Fenella minuta: mine on Geranium pyrenaicum

Geranium pyrenaicum, Nieuwendam: the mined leaf segment curls inwards and turns red

mine

Very transpatant mine near the leaf margin, containing abundant frass. The mine begins at a conspicuous oviposition scar. The larva can leave its mine and restart elsewhere. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Geraniaceae, monophagous

Geranium columbinum, dissectum, pratense, pusillum, pyrenaicum, rotundifolium, sylvaticum.

phenology

Larvae were found in the Netherlands in mid-May and in the first half of September.

BENELUX

BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

NE Found in 2007 in numbers in the Schinkelbos (at a few km from Schiphol); although the species was not included in van Ooststroom’s (1976a) checklist of Dutch Symphyta, there are some unpublished earlier observations in the Netherland (Ad Mol, pers. comm.).

LUX recorded (Chevin, Ellis & Schneider, 2011a).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Alps and Carpathians (Fauna Europaea, 2008). However, Hering (1936b) records the species also from Spain, Hartig (1939a) from Italy, and Maček (1999a) from Slovenia.

larva

synonyms

Fenella voigti Hering, 1932.

notes

Often leaves with mines of F. minuta also contained mines of Agromyza nigrescens.

references

Altenhofer (2003a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1941a, 1964a), Chevin, Ellis & Schneider (2011a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932h, 1936b, 1957a), Lhomme (1934d), Liston (1995b), Maček (1999a), van Ooststroom (1976a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a), Taeger ao (1998a).

07/04/2017

pub 7.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017