Silliana lhommei (Hering, 1934)

Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae

on Phillyrea

Silliana lhommei: mines on Phillyrea latifolia

Phillyrea latifolia, France, Montpellier © Stéphane Claerebout

Silliana lhommei: mine on Phillyrea latifolia

mine, upperside, with red oviposition scar

Silliana lhommei: mines on Phillyrea latifolia

mines, underside

Silliana lhommei: occupied mines on Phillyrea latifolia

two occupied mines, lighted from behind

Silliana lhommei: larva in the mine

larva in the mine, ventral view

mine

Large, full depth blotch, narrow at first, but often occupying a large part of a leaf in the end. At the start of the mine a conspicuous, upper-surface (always?) oviposition scar. Frass copious, black or brown, almost filling the entire mine; only along the sides a transparant zone remains. Pupation outside the mine.

hostplants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Phillyrea angustifolia, latifolia.

phenology

Larvae in April (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Mediterranean Region, as far east as Crete (Taeger, Blank & Liston, 2006a).

larva

Described by Covassi (1988a).

synonyms

Syringophilus lhommei.

notes

Preference for leaves in full sunlight (Buhr, 1941b).

references

Altenhofer (2003a), Blank ao (1998a), Buhr (1941b), Covassi (1988a), Hering (1934c, 1957a, 1967a), Liston (1995b), Pschorn-Walcher & Altenhofer (2000a, 2006a), Taeger, Blank & Liston (2006a).

20/02/2011

pub 24.xi.2014 · mod 7.vii.2017