Bucculatrix frangutella (Goeze, 1783)

Bucculatrix frangutella

Rhamnus frangula, Ede

Bucculatrix frangutella mine

Rhamnus frangula, Ommen: a single mine

Bucculatrix frangutella mine

Rhamnus frangula, Lage Mierde: windown feeding, caused by the free living larvae


Bucculatrix frangutella, egg

Rhamnus frangula, Wolfheze: egg

mine

A narrow corridor, densely wound, amost entirely filled with purplish brown frass. The last 1 to 2 cm of the corridor are free from te spiral, and almost straight. At this point the mine is left, and the larvae continue to live free on the leaf, causing window feeding. The emptly larval chamber, obviously free from frass, is conspicuousy slender. The egg, in the very centre of the spiral, is at the leaf lower side, as is the exit from the mine (Emmet, 1985a). Pupation in a greyish-brown, spindle-shaped, strongly ribbed cocoon.

hostplants

Rhamnaceae, monophagous

Frangula alnus, rupestris; Rhamnus cathartica, erythroxyloides, imeritinus, saxatilis & subsp. tinctoria, virgata.

phenology

Mines are found from July to November; according to Emmet (1985a) the larval stage is in June-July. Univoltine, hibernation as pupa (Patočka, 1996a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a).

NE recorded (Microlepidoptera.nl, 2008).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Ahn, Palmberg).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, including Portugal and Spain, except the Balkan Peninsula (Baugnée in litt., 2012; Corley ao, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

pupa

Described by Patočka (1996a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

Some pictures of the spinning of the cocoon

synonyms

B. fragulella. Goeze’s original spelling of the specific name is frangutella. Given the name of the host plant, and the small difference between an l and a t in worm lead hand printing this obviously is a typing error and according to the rules of nomenclature frangulella should be the valid name. However, in Lepidoptera tradition it is customary to set side the rules of nomenclature at this point, and to rigidly adhere to the original spelling.

notes

In some shrubs of Rhamnus catharticus the mines are surrounded by unusually large darkened spots.

Rhamnus catharticus

Rhamnus catharticus, Oostvoorne, Tenellaplas

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1964a), Burmann (1991a), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1968a), Dziurzynski (1957a), Emmet (1985a), Haase (1942a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hering (1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1937b, 1942a, 1950c, 1951b, 1956a, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), ME & MA Kurz (2007a), Kurz & Embacher (2012a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934d), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1972a), Michna (1975a), Patočka (1996a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins (2010a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Steuer (1995a), Svensson (1971a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Zoerner (1969a).

07/04/2017

pub 7.iv.2017 · mod 17.viii.2017