Coleophora spinella (Schrank, 1802)
Crataegus laevigata, Luxemburg, Kautenbach
Crataegus monogyna, Nederhorst den Berg; youth case, after hibernation
Sorbus aucuparia, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman
The larva lives two years. In the first year, in autumn, a composite leaf case is made that resembles a boomerang: front and rear end stand at almost right angles. In its second year the larva makes a trivalved tubular leaf case of about 6 mm, with a mouth angle of c. 45°; the case tapers somewhat to both ends.
Mostly on Hawthorn.
Final cases in late May (Emmet ao, 1996a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).
LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach)
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia to Spain and Italy, and from Ireland to Romania; also Central and South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
Coleophora cerasivorella Packard, 1870.
Crataegus monogyna, Castricum: although this is exceptional for leaf miners, the larvae of C. spinella -if indeed they are spinella– can be found in numbers on the still closed flower buds.
Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Namur, Viroinval, Treignes © Stéphane Claerebout
characteristic damage to the flower
Baldizzone (1979a, 2004a), Baldizzone, Tokár, Z & S Kovács (2004a), Baldizzone, van der Wolf & Landry (2006a), Biesenbaum & van der Wolf (1999a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland ao (1996a), Hering (1957a), Huemer (1988a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Langmaid (1991a), Michaelis (1983a), Nel (1992b), Patzak (1974a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Razowski (1990a), Robbins (1991a), Suire (1961a), Toll (1952a, 1962a), Tomasi (2014a), Wegner (2010a).