Coleophora spinella (Schrank, 1802)

Coleophora spinella case

Crataegus laevigata, Luxemburg, Kautenbach

Coleophora spinella youth case

Crataegus monogyna, Nederhorst den Berg; youth case, after hibernation

Coleophora spinella: case on Sorbus aucuparia

Sorbus aucuparia, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

case

The larva lives two years. In the first year, in autumn, a composite leaf case is made that resembles a boomerang: front and rear end stand at almost right angles. In its second year the larva makes a trivalved tubular leaf case of about 6 mm, with a mouth angle of c. 45°; the case tapers somewhat to both ends.

hostplants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster; Crataeguslaevigata, monogyna; Cydonia oblonga; Malus domestica; Mespilus germanica; Prunus avium, cerasus, padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aucuparia.

Mostly on Hawthorn.

phenology

Final cases in late May (Emmet ao, 1996a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach)

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to Spain and Italy, and from Ireland to Romania; also Central and South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

synonyms

Coleophora cerasivorella Packard, 1870.

notes

It is impossible to distinguish the cases or larvae of C. coracipennella, prunifoliae, serratella, and spinella; only breeding, and to a lesser extent the hostplant, can lead to an identification.

Coleophora spinella on inflorescence

Crataegus monogyna, Castricum: although this is exceptional for leaf miners, the larvae of C. spinella -if indeed they are spinella– can be found in numbers on the still closed flower buds.

Coleophora spinella on flower buds of Crataegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Namur, Viroinval, Treignes © Stéphane Claerebout

Coleophora spinella damage to flowers of Crataegus monogyna

characteristic damage to the flower

references

Baldizzone (1979a, 2004a), Baldizzone, Tokár, Z & S Kovács (2004a), Baldizzone, van der Wolf & Landry (2006a), Biesenbaum & van der Wolf (1999a), Emmet, Langmaid, Bland ao (1996a), Hering (1957a), Huemer (1988a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Langmaid (1991a), Michaelis (1983a), Nel (1992b), Patzak (1974a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Razowski (1990a), Robbins (1991a), Suire (1961a), Toll (1952a, 1962a), Tomasi (2014a), Wegner (2010a).

15/05/2017

pub 15.v.2017 · mod 15.viii.2017