Spilonota ocellana (Denis & Schiffermmüller, 1775)

Spilonota ocellana mine

Hippophae rhamnoides, Cadzand

mine

The young larva lives in a silken tube, open at both ends, at the underside of a leaf. Occasionally one makes an irregular brownish coordior or blotch. How often this happens perhaps differs regionally. Hering (1957a) describes the species as a full blown miner, but Bradley ao (1979a) spend no word on a mining habit, not even facultatively.

hostplants

Polyphagous on trees and shrubs

Hippophae rhamnoides; Myrica gale.

Bradley ao (1979a) additionally list a long series of Rosaceae; the only plant genera about which they agree with Hering are the two mentioned above.

phenology

Mining larvae in July – October; after hibernation they live free among spun leaves (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body reddish brown, head and prothoracic plate blackish brown, anal plate brown. Abdominal prolegs darkly chitinised laterally, with a double circle of c. 36 crochets. Under strong magnification the integument appears covered with a microscopical brown spinulation (Swatschek, 1958a).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1983a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 25.xi.2017