Cnephasia incertana (Treitschke, 1835)

mine

Small, full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. Some silk is deposited in the mine. The larva soon leaves the mine and continues feeding among spun leaves.

hostplants

Strongly polyphagous

Acer; Achillea clavennae, millefolium; Aconitum; Adenostyles alpina; Adoxa moschatellina; Aegopodium podagraria; Aesculus hippocastanum; Agrimonia eupatoria; Agrostemma githago; Alchemilla; Androsace; Anthyllis; Aquilegia; Arctium; Armeria maritima; Arnica; Artemisia; Asperula; Aster; Astragalus; Atriplex; Barbarea; Bellis; Brassica napus, rapa; Bryonia; Cakile maritima; Calendula; Caltha; Calystegia sepium; Campanula; Capsella; Cardamine; Carthamus; Carum; Centaurea; Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare, glomeratum, semidecandrum; Chaerophyllum; Chenopodium; Chrysosplenium; Cichorium; Cirsium; Claytonia; Colchicum; Conopodium; Convolvulus; Crataegus rhipidophylla; Crepis; Cucurbita; Cyclamen; Dactylis; Daucus carota; Delphinium; Digitalis; Dioscorea communis; Dipsacus; Echium; Epilobium hirsutum; Erigeron; Erodium; Erysimum; Eupatorium; Euphorbia; Fagopyrum; Fagus sylvatica; Ficaria verna; Filipendula; Foeniculum; Fragaria; Fumaria; Gagea; Galega; Genista; Gentiana; Geranium; Geum urbanum; Globularia; Gnaphalium; Hedera helix; Helianthus; Heracleum; Hirschfeldia incana; Holosteum umbellatum; Humulus lupulus; Hypericum; Hypochaeris; Impatiens, Inula; Isatis; Kickxia; Lactuca; Lamium; Lapsana; Lathyrus niger; Lens culinaris; Lepidium; Lithospermum; Lonicera; Lupinus; Lycopus; Lysimachia; Melilotus; Melissa; Milium; Mimulus; Moehringia; Myosotis sylvatica; Myosurus; Neslia; Onobrychis; Phalaroides arundinacea; Pimpinella; Pulmonaria officinalis; Ribes; Rumex acetosa; Saxifraga; Scandix; Scorzonera; Scrophularia; Serratula; Silene alba; Sison amomum; Sonchus; Spergularia; Stachys sylvatica; Symphytum; Teucrium; Thlaspi; Trifolium pratense; Trigonella; Tulipa; Tussilago; Umbilicus; Valeriana tripteris; Verbena; Vicia faba; Zinnia elegans.

phenology

Mining larvae in April – June (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Larva dark green to blackish; head pale brown, rear margin black. Prothoracic and anal shield shining black brown with a liight anterior rim; thoracic feet black. Prolegs wit a double circle of hooks (Swatschek, 1958a). The pinacula are colourless, only the basis of the setae is black (Buhr, 1953a); no anal comb. See Mackay (1962a) for a detailed description of the chaetotaxy and morphology.

synonyms

Cnephasiella incertana.

notes

Despite the long list of host plants, mines in practice are found only very rarely in the Netherlands.

references

Barton (2015a), Beiger (1955a, 1956a, 1965a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1953a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Mackay (1962a), Michna (1975a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

07/02/2017

mod 22.xi.2017