Chrysoesthia sexguttella (Thunberg, 1794)

Chrysoesthia sexguttella mine

Chenopodium album, Nieuwendam; vacated mines

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in Halimione sp.

Halimione sp., Belgium, prov. West Fanders, Knokke: in these fleshy leaves the appearance of the mine is quite different © Chris Snyers

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in  Halimione portulacoides

Halimione portulacoides, Belgium, prov. West Flanders, het Zwin © Stépane Claerebout

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in  Halimione portulacoides

mine lighted from behind

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: larva

larva

Chenopodium album, Nieuwendam. The mine at left still shows something of the initial zigzag corridor. The larva at left has died before it was able to make a blotch; it looks like to corridor it made became so quickly filled with callus that it perished because of space to move.

mine

Oviposition at the underside of the leaf. The mine begins as a short zigzagging corridor, that very soon becomes overrun by a large, perfectly transparant blotch. Frass in a big black central lump. In fresh mines something like primary feeding lines is recognisable, normally seen only in Diptera mines. Pupation external, exit a rather untidy hole.

hostplants

Amaranthaceae, oligophagous

Amaranthus blitum, caudatus; Atriplex calotheca, hortensis, littoralis, patula, prostrata, sagittata, sibirica, tatarica; Bassia scoparia; Chenopodium album, bonus-henricus, giganteum, glaucum, hybridum, murale, opulifolium, polyspermum, quinoa, urbicum, vulvaria; Halimione portulacoides; Spinacia.

phenology

Larvae in June and in September – October (Bland ao, 2002a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009)

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach)

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

pupa

Described by Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Microsetia sexguttella; Chrysopora naeviferella (Duponchel, 1843), C. stipella auct.

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1955a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland ao (2002a), Borkowski (1973a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Corley (2005a), Csóka (2003a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a, 1971a, 1972a, 1974a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Fazekas & Schreurs (2010a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1932g, 1957a), ten Holt & Kuchlein (2006a), Huber (1969a), Huertas Dionisio (2002a, 2007a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Kaitila (1996a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1954a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1950a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a, 1975a).

mod 22.xi.2017