Parapodia sinaica (Frauenfeld, 1859)
from Gerling ao.
Tamarix gallica, France, Camargue, Le Sambuc © Sébastien Carbonnelle
Unilocular, rotund or fusiform swelling of a branch, containing some caterpillars. Unique for this gall is the fact that the larva lives in a space between the bark and undamaged continuous xylem cylinder. Before pupation, the larva prepares an exit opening, next spins a tube that protrudes a bit from the opening. The pupa lies in this tube, the head directed to the exit.
Tamarix africana, canariensis, gallica, jordanis, nilotica, tetragyna.
Parapodia tamaricola de Joannis, 1912.
Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1994a), Fusu & Ribes (2017a), Gerling, Kugler & Lupo (1976a), Salas-Remón, Llimona, Lozano ao (2015a)