Epermenia chaerophyllella (Goeze, 1783)

Epermenia chaerophyllella on Heracleum sphondylium

Heracleum sphondylium, Flevoland, Reve-Abbertbos © Hans Jonkman

Epermenia chaerophyllella mine

Heracleum sphondylium, Nieuwendam

Epermenia chaerophyllella mine

Anthriscus sylvestris, Nieuwendam

Even the very first mines have two holes (invariably in the lower epidermis): one of them was made when the larva penetrated the leaf, and there also most frass is to be found -most of it outside the mine-; the second hole was made when the larva abandoned the mine.

mine

Short, small, ireregular, sometimes widened corridor. Mostly a number in a leaf, concentrated in the axils of the midrib and the primary side veins. Each larva makes a number of mines. Often the larva protrudes with its rear end out of the mine, causing most frass to be ejected. While moving, at the leaf underside, silken threads are produced, in wich grains of frass may be trapped. Older larvae live free and cause window feeding, often in a group onder a light spinning.

hostplants

Apiaceae, broadly oligophagous

Aegopodium podagraria; Angelica archangelica subsp. litoralis, sylvestris; Anthriscus caucalis, cerefolium, sylvestris; Apium graveolens; Berula erecta; Carum carvi; Chaerophyllum hirsutum, temulum; Cicuta virosa; Conium maculatum; Daucus carota; Heracleum mantegazzianum, platytaenium, sphondylium; Levisticum officinale; Oenanthe; Pastinaca sativa; Peucedanum; Pimpinella saxifraga; Seseli libanotis; Silaum; Sison amomum; Sium latifolium; Torilis.

phenology

Larvae in May – June and August – September (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos,1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis, Hobscheid).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larve

pupa

references

Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Gaedike (1972a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1985a), Godfray & Sterling (1996a), Hansen, Hattendorf, Wittenberg, Reznik, Nielsen, Ravn & Nentwig (2006a), Hering (1923a, 1925a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Koçak, Özdemi̇r & Zlobin (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), Nowakowski (1954a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1949a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a), Wörz (1957a).

02/04/2017

pub 2.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017