Caloptilia cuculipennella (Hübner, 1796)

Caloptilia cuculipennella: mine on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, Retranchement © Anna Almekinders

Caloptilia cuculipennella: leaf roll on Fraxinus excelsior

leaf roll

Caloptilia cuculipennella mine

Fraxinus excelsior, Belgium, Antoing © Chris Snyers

Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf roll

leaf roll

Caloptilia cuculipennella

Ligustrum ovalifolium, Belgium, Zemst © Jorgen Ravoet

Caloptilia cuculipennella: mine on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, Spain, Asturias, Gijon © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Caloptilia cuculipennella: leaf rolls on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, Drachten © Gerrit Tuinstra: seven rolls in two leaves

Caloptilia cuculipennella: cocoon

cocoon

Caloptilia cuculipennella: mines on Fraxinus excelsior

Fraxinus excelsior, France, dép. Haute-Garonne, Avignonet-Lauragais © Catherine Reymonet

Caloptilia cuculipennella: mines on Fraxinus excelsior

several mines in a leaf

Caloptilia cuculipennella: larva in the mine

two larvae in their mine (later leaf rolls have been observed, but were not photograped)

mine

Larva solitary in an elongate upper-surface epidermal (thence silvery) mine. Frass initially in a rust-coloured central line. Later, when the mine starts to contract and the leaf folds over the mine, the frass is black and concentrated in a corner of the mine. At this point the larva leaves the mine, and starts living freely in a downwards rolled leaflet. In each case in Privet this has the shape of a conical pepperbox with an acute tip, and with the broad base spun to the leaf.

hostplants

Oleaceae, oligophagous

Fraxinus americana, angustifolia & subsp. oxycarpa, anomala, excelsior, latifolia, nigra, ornus, pennsylvanica, quadrangulata, sogdiana; Jasminum; Ligustrum ovalifolium, vulgare; Phillyrea; Syringa vulgaris.

phenology

Although the literature tells that larvae are found between July and September (Hering, 1957a; Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a), last authors write that the adult hibernates, and flies until May. The agrees well with an observation by Jorgen Ravoet, who found larvae on May 6th (2009, Belgium; picture above). In southern England the species seems double-brooded (Young, 2013a).

BENELUX

BE rare and declining (De Prins, 1998a), but perhaps the situation is reversing.

NE only a few very old records, but in 2007 mines have been found by Ben van As.

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, except the Iberian Peninsula and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

larva

pupa

Prior to pupation the larva bites a circular exit hole in the pepperbox. The pupa is situated in a white cocoon in a hammock that is set between this exit hole and a point deep in the pepperbox (pictures in Parenti & Varalda, 2000a). The pupa is described by Patočka & Zach (1995a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Coriscium cuculipennellum.

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), SCS Brown (1947a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1992c), Corley, Marabuto & Pires (2007a), Drăghia (1970a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1973a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Lhomme (1934c), Opheim (1977a), Parenti (2001a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Patočka & Zach (1995a), De Prins (2010a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Triberti & Braggio (2011a), Young (2013a).

06/02/2017

pub 7.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017