Parornix carpinella (Frey, 1863)

Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae

on Carpinus

Parornix carpinella mine on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Ackerdijkse Plassen: mine and leaf fold

Parornix carpinella: leaf fold on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Rochefort; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Parornix carpinella: larva

larve

mine

Small, angular, full depth blotch, often in a vein axil. Lower, in the end also upper, epidermis brown. The larva deposits some silk in the mine, but the quantity is so low that the mine remains practically flat. Later the larva leaves the mine and continues feeding within a down-folded leaf margin or leaf tip.

hostplants

Betulaceae (and Sapindaceae?); oligophagous or narrowly polyphagous

Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Ostrya carpinifolia.

When in the literature this species is associated with Acer it is under the name of P. eppelsheimi. Perhaps the synonymy of eppelsheimi with carpinella needs reconsideration.

phenology

Larvae in July an September-October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Greece, nd from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Described by Emmet (1987a). Pronotum with four black spots (Parornix character).

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Ornix carpinella; Ornix, Parornix, eppelsheimi Fuchs, 1901; Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a) considered carpinella a synonym of P. fagivora, but later Emmet has corrected this (1986a).

notes

Doets (1946a), who first reported the species in the Netherlands, found it “rather common” around Hilversum, but presently it is a rarity.

references

Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1964a), Deutschmann (2008a), Doets (1946a), Emmet (1982a, 1986a, 1987a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1934b, 1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1958c), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Utech (1962a).

16/01/2017

pub 16.i.2017 · mod 8.vii.2017