Parornix scoticella (Stainton, 1850)

Parornix scoticella: leaf fold of Malus domestica

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Boussu-en-Fagne © Stéphane Claerebout

Parornix scoticella: larva

larva

Parornix scoticella: mine on Sorbus torminalis

Sorbus torminalis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Philippeville, Fagnolles © Stéphane Claerebout

Parornix scoticella: mine on Sorbus torminalis

detail

Parornix scoticella mine

Sorbus aucuparia, Reusel: surface of the mine

Parornix scoticella cocoon

cocoon

mine

The mine begins with a lower-surface epidermal corridor, but soon the larva starts feeding on the sponge parenchyma. The mine then becomes a flat lower-surface blotch. Silk, deposited in the mine causes the lower epidermis to pucker ligtly. The lower (later also the upper) epidermis of the mine is greyish brown to brown. After leaving the mine the larva lives freely under a folded leaf margin, or in a fold at the underside of the leaf, in its centre, that is covered with silk.

hostplants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster nebrodensis; Malus sylvestris; Sorbus aria, aucuparia, chamaemespilus, intermedia, torminalis.

Sorbus aucuparia is the most important hostplant. References to Dryas octopetala probably stem from confusion with Parornix alpicola.

phenology

Larvae in June – July and August – September (Emmet ao, 1985a; Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

pupa

Described by Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Ornix scoticella; Ornix canella Tengström, 1859; Parornix fulluzella (Chrétien, 1898).

references

Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a, 2012a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Svensson (1976a), Zoerner (1970a).

07/04/2017/p>

pub 7.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017