Phyllonorycter blancardella (Fabricius, 1761)

Phyllonorycter blancardella: mine on Malus sylvestris

Malus sylvestris, België, prov. Namen, Viroinval, Nismes, RN Montagne-aux-Buis © Stéphane Claerebout

Phyllonorycter blancardella: mine on Malus sylvestris

same leaf, underside

Phyllonorycter blancardella: exuvium

the identification has been confirmed by breeding.

Phyllonorycter blancardella minePhyllonorycter blancardella mine

Malus domestica, Zweeloo, Pietersberg

Malus domestica Pietersberg, opened mine

mine

Lower surface tentiform mine with a yellow-green epidermis that has a few folds. Pupation within the mine. The pupa is amber or chestnut brown, and lies in a white cocoon. Generally the frass is accumulated in a corner of the mine (like in the lower picture), but sometimes a small quantity is incorporated in the wall of the cocoon.

hostplants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Malus astracanica, baccata, coronaria, domestica, floribunda, fusca, pumila, ringo, x robusta, sylvestris.

Records in literature from other plant genera, such as (Amelanchier Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Mespilus germanica; Prunus; Pyrus; Sorbus aucuparia, coronaria) are either dubious or concern exceptional observations (Triberti, 2007a).

phenology

Two generations; in Britain larvae are found in May – June and September – October Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson,1985a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, till the Ukraine and central Anatolia (Triberti, 2007a).

pupa<

synonyms

Lithocolletis blancardella.

notes

An extensive monograph about the morphology and biology of this species has been published by Pottinger & LeRoux (1971a.

A fruit crop pest (Baggiolini, 1960a). Introduced in North America, where too it has become a pest.

references

Baggiolini (1960a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Body, Burlat & Giron (2015a), Body, Kaiser, Dubreuil, Casas & Giron (2013a), Braggion (2013a), Briolini (1961a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1970a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Leutsch (2011a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2013a), Plóciennik, Pawlikiewicz & Jaworski (2011a), Pottinger & LeRoux (1971a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1941a, 1951a), Starý (1930a). Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tourlan (1980a), Triberti (2007a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

16/01/2017

pub 13.ii.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017