Phyllonorycter mespilella (Hübner, 1805)

Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae

Phyllonorycter mespilella:  mine on Sorbus tormalis

Sorbus torminalis, Czech Republic, northwestern Bohemia, Děčín © Jindra Černý (reared and genitalised)

Phyllonorycter mespilella:  mine on Sorbus tormalis

same mine, underside

mine

Lower-surfce, yellow-green tentiform mine, 20-32 mm long, with a number of fine folds in the lower epidermis. In most cases the mine is elongate, situated between two lateral veins. The reddish to chestnut brown cocoon lies in a flimsy cocoon in which no frass is incorporated: the frass is stored not in a clump but in a row of loose grains behind the coccoon. Just before edcysis the pupa works itself out of the mine through the lower wall; mostly the empty exuvium sticks halfway out of the mine.

hostplants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Amelanchier ovalis; Cotoneaster integerrimus; Crataegus; Cydonia oblonga; Malus domestica; Mespilus germanica; Prunus cerasus; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aria, aucuparia, intermedia, torminalis.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a); hibernation as pupa (Triberti, 2007).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Italy and the Carpathians, and from Ireland to southern Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009). In recent times introduced in the Canarys Islands (De Prins ao).

pupa

Cremaster, similar to that of Ph. anceps, with two pairs of short, stout spines, the outer one curved outwards, the inner one inward; the outer spines about as long as wide at their base (Gregor & Patočka, 2001a; Triberti, 2007a).

synonyms

Lithocolletis mespilella; L. pyrivorella Bankes, 1899.

references

Aguiar & Karsholt (2006a), Buhr (1935b), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1972a, 1974a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1996a, 1998a, 2000a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins, De Prins, De Coninck ao (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Szőcs (1977a), Triberti (2007a).

24/05/2017

pub 24.v.2017 · mod 18.vii.2017