Leucoptera malifoliella (O Costa, 1836)

Leucoptera malifoliella mine

Malus sylvestris, Luxemburg, Kautenbach

Leucoptera malifoliella mine

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Liège, Awirs: young mine; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera malifoliella mine

same mine, magnified

Leucoptera malifoliella mines

Mespilus germanica, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Thuin, Bois de la Frégène; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Leucoptera malifoliella mine

mine, lighted from behind

Leucptera malifoliella: old mines on Sorbus aucuparia

Sorbus aucuparia, Lauwersoog © Gerrit Tuinstra: old mines

mine

Oviposition is at the leaf underside, well away from the leaf margin; the egg has a fine reticulate surface (Mey, 1988a). The mine is a rather large, perfectly circular blotch without a trace of a preceding corridor. Around the dark centre the frass, glued to the upper epidermis, is arranged in distinct arcs. Pupation external.

hostplants

Betulaceae, Rosaceae; narrowly polyphagous

Alnus incana; Amelanchier ovalis; Aronia; Betula pendula, pubescens; Chaenomeles japonica; Cotoneaster integerrimus; Crataegus crus-galli, monogyna; Cydonia oblonga; Malus baccata, domestica, floribunda, sylvestris; Mespilus germanica; Prunus avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica & subsp. subhirtella, fruticosa, spinosa, “subhirtella”; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aucuparia.

phenology

Larvae from June till October in three generations (Wörz, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

pupa

Described by Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Leucoptera, Cemiostoma scitella (Zeller, 1839).

notes

When the species occurs on Crataegus confusion may arise with Stigmella paradoxa. In that species however oviposition occurs never more than a few mm removed from the leaf margin.

references

Aguiar & Karsholt (2006a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Borkowski (2003a), Briolini (1961a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1981a, 1992b), Csóka (2003a), Drăghia (1972a), Emmet (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen (1973a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a, 1927b, 1933b, 1957a), Klimesch (1950c, 1957a, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), ME & MA Kurz (2007a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934c,d), Maček (1999a), Mey (1988a, 1994a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Plóciennik, Pawlikiewicz & Jaworski (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Seven (2006a), Skala (1941a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Wörz (1957a).

07/04/2017

pub 7.iv.2017 · mod 12.ix.2017