Antispila metallella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Cornus sanguinea, Nieuwendam
same mine, detail
Cornus sanguinea, Gulpen; coll. JC Koster, herbarium mterial
Initially a short corridor close to the leaf margin, suddenly widening into a large blotch, that often overruns the corridor. Finally the larve makes an oval excision of 5.5-7 mm long, and drops with it to the ground. In this excision, that now functions as a case, the larve continues, living free. Before the onset if winter pupation takes place within the case (Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen, 1999a).
In preparation of the oviposition, the female makes number of “test punctures”, that often can be seen as a curving row of 2-7 brown spots perpendicular to the initial corridor (Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a).
Cornus alba, mas, sanguinea.
At least in the Netherlands C. sanguinea is the most important host.
Mining larvae in July – August (Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a).
BE reorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE Uncommon, first found as late as 1950 (Doets, 1950a), but sometimes locally numerous.
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Scandinavia to the Pyrenees, Italy and Romania, and from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009; van Nieukerken ao, 2012a).
Antispila pfeifferella Hübner, 1813.
Ahr (1966a), van As & Ellis (2004a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (2003a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Doets (1950a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1971a), Dziurzynski (1958a), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Heath & Pelham-Clinton, 1976a), Hellers (2016a), Hering (1924a, 1957a, 1961a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1995a)m Kolbeck, Lichtmannecker & Pröse (2005a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & van Frankenhuyzen (1999a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michna (1975a), van Nieukerken, Wagner, Baldessari ao (2012a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1949a), Sønderup (1949a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a, 19981q), Zoerner (1969a).