Stigmella nivenburgensis (Preissecker, 1942)

on Salix

Stigmella nivenburgensis mine

Salix cf alba, Rhodes; from Klimesch (1978b)

Stigmella nivenburgensis: mines on Salix alba

Salix alba, 2a Lauwersoog Defensie ri Jaap Deensgat © Gerrit Tuinstra

Stigmella nivenburgensis: mines on Salix alba

same mines, lighted from behind

Stigmella nivenburgensis: mines on Salix alba

another example

Stigmella nivenburgensis: mines on Salix alba

lighted from behind

mine

Oviposition at the underside of upperside of the leaf. The mine is a slender corridor from start to end. Its first section is invariably lower-surface; the later part usually is full depth, but not rarely the entire mine is lower-surface. Frass at first filling the corridor, further on the frass lines occupies c. 1/3 of the with of the gallery. Pupation external, exit slit in the lower epidermis.

hostplants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix alba, babylonica, x fragilis, x salamonii, triandra.

phenology

Larvae in July – August and September – October (Hering, 1957a); in Rhodes at least three generations (Klimesch, 1978b).

distribution within Europe

From Lithuania and Central Russia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009). Found in 2017 by Ben van As, later also Gerrit Tuinstra, on numerous locations in the Netherlands.

larva

Yellow, feeding belly-up in the mine.

references

Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (19578a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1950c, 1978b), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Z & A Laštuvka (1997a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a).

mod 31.x.2017