Stigmella oxyacanthella (Stainton, 1854)

Stigmella oxyacanthella mine on Craraegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Nieuwendam

Stigmella oxyacanthella mine on Craraegus monogyna

Crataegus monogyna, Duin en Kruidberg

Stigmella oxyacanthella mine on Craraegus monogyna

detail

Stigmella oxyacanthella: vacated mine on Pyrus communis

Pyrus communis, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Tournai, RN de la Carrière de l’Orient © Stéphane Claerebout

mine

Long corridor, that widens only little, and winds freely through the leaf, not influenced by the venation. In thick, sun-exposed leaves the mine may be much shorter, especially in Cotoneaster, Malus and Pyrus. Frass brown, in arcs.

hostplants

Rosaceae, oligofaag

Amelanchier ovalis; Chaenomeles (?); Cotoneaster integerrimus, multiflorus; Crataegus azarolus, chrysocarpa, coccinea, crus-galli, douglasii, laciniata, laevigata, x lavalleei, monogyna, pentagyna, rivularis, spathulata; Crataemespilus dardari, grandiflora; Cydonia oblonga; Malus angustifolia, astracanica, baccata, coronaria, domestica, floribunda, fusca, parviflora, ringo, sylvestris; Mespilus germanica, punctata; Prunus armeniaca, avium, spinosa; Pyrus betulifolia, communis, elaeagnifolia. spinosa; Sorbus aucuparia.

At least in the Netherlands Crataegus is the most important hostplant.

phenology

Larvae in September – October.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Ellis, Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia and Finland to Portugal, Italy, and Bulgaria, and fom Ireland to Middle Russia (Corley EA, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

synonyms

Nepticula oxyacanthella; N. cotoneastri Sorhagen, 1922; N. oxysorbi Skala, 1933; Stigmella aeneella auct.

Probably also Nepticula chaenomelis Skala 1936 is a synonym of oxyacanthella (van Nieukerken, 1986a); the specis is described after a larva and mine on Chaenomeles. Other, reared, material of this hostplant is not known.

references

Ahr (1966a), Amsel & Hering (1931a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Buszko & Baraniak (1989a), J Černý (2001a), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Diškus & Stonis (2012a), Drăghia (1971a, 1972a), Emmet (1971a, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gustafsson (1985a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1921a,b, 1934a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1985a, 1988a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch (1936a, 1948a, 1950c, 1958c), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuhchlein & de Vos (1999a), Laštuvka & Laštuvka (1997a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a), Michna (1975a), van Nieukerken (1986a, 2006a), van Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2006a), van Nieukerken, Zolotuhin & Mistchenko (2004a), Nowakowski (1954a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Robbins (1991a), Schoorl, van Nieukerken & Wilkinson (1985a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1939a, 1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Steuer (1995a), Szőcs (1968a, 1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

08/04/2017

pub 8.iv.2017 · mod 25.vii.2017