Stigmella suberivora (Stainton, 1869)

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

Quercus coccifera, France, Corse, Haute Corse © Stéphane Claerebout

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

same mine, lighted from behind

Stigmella suberivora: vacated mine on Quercus cocifera

position of the egg: hypophyllous!

mine

Egg at the upperside of the leaf (but see note below). The mine is an irregular, broad corridor with a conspicuous, broad, black frass line that almost fills the gallery, leaving only a narrow transparant zone at either side. Pupation external.

hostplants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.

phenology

Two generations: larvae in July – August and again in November – late -January, early-April (Emmet, 1883a).

BENELUX

not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From the south of Britain to the Iberian Peninsula, Sardinia, Sicily, and Serbia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Yellow; laying dorsum upwards in the mine. Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) give a description.

synonyms

Nepticula suberivora, N. ilcivora Peyerimhoff, 1871.

notes

Both Hering (1967a) as Borkowski (1972b) and Emmet (1983a) write the the egg is deposition at the upperside of the leaf. That is not in accordance with the image above.

references

Amsel & Hering (1933a), Borkowski (1972b), Buhr (1930a), Emmet (1971a, 1974c, 1983a), Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a), Hering (1932e, 1934a, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Johansson (1971a), Johansson ao (1990a), Klimesch & Skala (1936c), A & Z Laštuvka (1997a, 2008a, 2011a, 2014a), Z & A Laštůvka (2009b), Maček (1999a), van Nieukerken (1986a), van Nieukerken & Johansson (2003a), Nieukerken, A & Z Laštuvka (2004a, 2006a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1939a), Soffner (1942a), Triberti & Braggio (2011a).

mod 30.ix.2017