Synanthedon tipuliformis (Clerck, 1759)
on (Euonymus), Ribes
Ribes rubrum, Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt: above the gall and the exit opening the shoot has died off
pupa in the gallery
the larva bores in the pith of not too old branches, that locally are swollen. Pupation in the gallery.
polyphagous on shrubs
Buhr (1965a), Ebert (1997a).