Epinotia pygmaeana (Hübner, 1799)

Lepidoptera, Tortricidae

mine

Groups of young needles are completely mined out by the young larvae. Between the needles only a few strands of silk (often also bud scales are trapped in the silk). Later in summer the larva lives free among spun needles.

hostplants

Pinaceae, oligophagous

Abies alba; Picea abiens, sitchensis.

phenology

Mining larvae in spring.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Light greenish, with black brown head and pronotum. Anal comb present, c. 6 prongs. Pinacula moderately large, concolorous with the integument. Prolegs with c. 45 crochets in a double row (Bradley ao, 1979a; Grandi 1931a, 1933a; Swatschek, 1958a).

synonyms

Asthenia pygmaeana.

notes

It is difficult to understand why this species is noy treated in Patočka’s (1960a) monograph of Central European Abies moths.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1935b), Grandi (1931a, 1933a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Robbins (1991a) van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Swatschek (1958a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a).

08/02/2013

pub 11.ii.2017 · mod 28.vi.2017