Puccinia cynodontis Lacroix, 1859

polyphagous

Puccini cynodontis: spermogonia on Plantago major

Plantago major, Frankrijk, dépt. Ardennes, Givet © Sébastien Carbonnelle: spermogonia

gall

Spermogonia amphigenous, orange, later dark brown. Aecia cylindrical, white-pale yellow (spores colourless), mostly hypophyllous.

spermogonia, aecia

polyphagous on herbs

Plantago coronopus, lanceolata, major, media.

In regions more to the south also on Caprifoliaceae (Centranthus calcitrapa, Fedia cornucopiae, Valerianella carinata, chlorodonta, dentata, eriocarpa, discoidea, locusta, microcarpa, muricata, oxyrrhyncha, pumila, rimosa), Euphorbiaceae (Mercurialis annua), Plantaginaceae (Veronica polita, tournefortii), Ranunculaceae (Adonis aestivalis, annua, flammea, Consolida ajacis, camptocarpa, orientalis, regalis, Delphinium staphisagria), Saxifragaceae (Saxifraga tridactylites), Violaceae (Viola arvensis, hortensis, kitaibeliana, occulta, sabulosa, tricolor).


on Cynodon

Puccinia cynodontis: urediniospores

Cynodon dactylon, from Baker (1955a): urediniospores

Puccinia cynodontis: telospores

Cynodon dactylon, from González Fragoso (1924a): teliospores

gall

Uredinia and telia mostly hypophyllous, brown and blackish brown, respectively. Urediniospores 19-28 x 20-31 µm, with 2-3 germination pores. Teliospores 2-celled; top cell with apically strongly thickened wall; pedicel 70-80 µm, persistent.

uredinia, telia

Poaceae, monophagous

Cynodon dactylon.

synonyms

Puccinia desmazieri Constanineau, 1916.

references

Baker (1955a), Brandenburger (1985a), Buhr (1964b), Gäumann (1959a), Gönczö & Révay (1981a), González Fragoso (1924a), Heluta, Hayova, Tykhonenko ao (2010a), Klenke & Scholler (2015a), Özaslan, Hüseyin & Erdogdu (2014a), Poelt & Zwetko (1997a), Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014d), Termorshuizen & Swertz (2011a).

mod 15.xii.2017