Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Leafminers and plant galls of Europe

Dr. Willem N. Ellis

Leafminers, causers of plant galls, and parasitic microfungi have in common that, with few exceptions, they are specialised on a single plant species or genus. This means at the same time that a plant has only a limited number of specialised enemies, actually parasites. When the plant species is known, generally therefore it is not difficult to identify the parasite.‚Äč

The study of these antagonists is not merely an interesting way of being active in nature. Pre-eminently, it is a way to obtain an insight in the network of biological relations in an ecosystem. Perhaps it is the most accessible way to experience the real meaning of biodiversity. This website’s aim is to enable that perception.

Fenella minuta on small-flowered crane’s-bill

Last modified 9.i.2020