Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella continuella parasite

Stigmella continuella (Stainton, 1856) double-barred pigmy Betula pubescens, Overveen detail mine Egg at the underside, often in a vein axil. The mine is a slender, little widening corridor. Its first part is strongly contorted; the leaf tissue that is cut off thereby is killed, mostly resulting in a brown spot….

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a…

genus Betula host plant genus

…alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tristis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia…

Betula pendula host plant species

…Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus nemoratus leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa thomsoni leaf miner…

Betula pubescens host plant species

…Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae…

Betula nana host plant species

…Tachyerges stigma leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix polygrammella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anderidae leaf miner Incurvariidae Phylloporia bistrigella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae…