Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella malella parasite

Stigmella malella (Stainton, 1854) apple pigmy on Malus Malus domestica, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 3.ix.2020 © László Érsek occupied mine mine lighted from behind the yellow larva Malus sylvestris, Leiden, 28.vii.2011 © Camiel Doorenweerd Malus domestica, Luxemburg, Kautenbach, 11.ix.2002 mine Egg at the underside of the leaf, near a vein. The mine is quite variable. It is […]

Stigmella anomalella parasite

Stigmella anomalella (Goeze, 1783) rose leaf-miner on Rosa Rosa spec., Amstelveen, JP Thijsssepark, 7.vii.2018 © Cor Zonneveld: vacated mine Rosa sp., Boswachterij Westerschouwen Rosa sp., Nieuwendam detail, to show the switch from the one type of frass to the other mine Egg at the underside of the leaf, near a vein. The mine is a […]

Stigmella anomalella larva parasite

Stigmella anomalella Rosa, Hardenberg, Rheezermaten: larva ventral details See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a description of the larva. 15.xi.2009

Stigmella desperatella parasite

Stigmella desperatella (Frey, 1856) scarce apple pigmy Malus domestica, Austria, (Kärnten) Pörtschach, 5 km W Völkermark;leg JJ Boomsma & EJ van Nieukerken mine Egg either at upper side or underside of the leaf. The mine begins as a narrow gallery, often following a vein or the leaf margin. Later sections of the corridor are much […]

Stigmella centifoliella parasite

Stigmella centifoliella (Zeller, 1848) narrow-barred pigmy Rosa (cult.), Dronten © Arnold Grosscurt Rosa (cultivated); Nieuwendam Rosa rugosa, Algeria, Tingad, 1100 m; leg EJ van Nieukerken & G Bryan mine Egg usually at the underside of the leaf. The mine is a long sinuous gallery, often with a hairpin turn. Frass in a central line, leaving […]

Stigmella rolandi parasite

Stigmella rolandi van Nieukerken, 1990 Rosa sp., Greece, Parnassos; from van Nieukerken (1990b) mine Oviposition at upper- or underside of the leaf, often near a vein. The mine is a not very slender corridor that often follows the serration of the leaf margin for some distance. Fras line quite broad, especially in the first part […]

Stigmella poterii parasite

Stigmella poterii (Stainton, 1857) downland pigmy Potentilla sp.; coll. JC Koster mine Egg generally at the upperside of the leaf, on a vein. The mine is a short corridor, no longer than 3 cm. Its first part is narrow and tends to follow a vein. The second part is rather tortuous and considerably widened, and […]

Closterocerus lyonetiae parasite

Closterocerus lyonetiae (Ferrière, 1952) parasite Parasitoid in galls of Lyonetia clerkella; Phytomyza vitalbae; Stigmella malella. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a).

Evenhuis HH, 1965a.

Over het optreden van de appelbladmineerder Stigmella malella en haar parasiet Cirrospilus vittatus in 1964. – Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 25: 127-129.

Eveleens KG & Evenhuis HH, 1968a.

Investigations on the interaction between the apple leaf miner Stigmella malella and its parasite Cirrospilus vittatus in The Netherlands. – Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 74: 140-145.

Drăghia I & Herțug M, 1985a

Stigmella malella Stt. (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae) espèce mineuse nuisible aux pommeraies. – Travaux du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle Grigore Antipa 27: 125-128.

September, 2020 news

new pictures Aceria cerrea; Aleurochiton pseudoplatani; Andricus gemmeus, quercusramuli, quercustozae; Buerenia inundata; Calybites phasianipennella; Cameraria ohridella; Coleophora siccifolia; Claviceps nigricans; Curculio spec.; Dasineura medicaginis; Eriophyes distinguendus, mali; Erysiphe russellii; Epinotia abbreviana; Euura virilis; Evergestis extimalis; Fusoidiella depressa; Heterarthrus ochropoda; Juncorrhiza aschersoniana; Miricatena prunicola; Phyllocnistis ramulicola; Phyllonorycter coryli; Puccinia bornmuelleri; Ramularia cynarae; Recurvaria nanella; Rhamphospora nymphaeae; […]

Malus sylvestris host plant species

crab apple synonym: Malus acerba, communis & subsp. sylvestris, kirghisorum; Pirus acerba, malus var. silvestris; Pyrus sylvestris organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium nocivum […]

Malus ringo host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus schlechtendali

Malus fusca host plant species

synonym: Pyrus rivularis organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola

Malus floribunda host plant species

japanese crab organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia rubrioculus leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria hydrangeae leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera leucotricha leaf gall Aphididae Dysaphis devecta leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella […]

Malus domestica host plant species

apple synonym: Malus paradisiaca, sylvestris subp. mitis; Pirus, Pyrus, paradisiaca, malus According to the Euro+Med PlantBase (2019), the correct name of the common apple is: Malus pumila; this is not followed here. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus transcaucasicus leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens […]

Malus astracanica host plant species

synonym: Pyrus astracanica organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella

Malus baccata host plant species

synonym: Pyrus baccata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Venturiales Venturia inaequalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae […]

genus Malus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium kosswigi unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium nocivum stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus transcaucasicus stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus exophthalmus leaf vagrant […]

Malus host plants

Malus apple (For a dichotomous table for galls on Malus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b small blotch, eventually with a circular excision => 2 1c tentiform mine => 3 1d primary blotch without preceding corridor or excision => 9 1e corridor from start […]

Prunus host plants

Prunus cherry incl. Amygdalus, Armeniaca, Cerasus, Padus, Persica. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Prunus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b mine with an excision => 2 1c tentiform mine => 3 1d blotch without preceding corridor => 11 1e corridor from start […]

Neochrysocharis chlorogaster parasite

Neochrysocharis chlorogaster (Erdős, 1966) parasite Parasitoid of Stigmella malella, pyri, tityrella. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Achrysocharella chlorogaster. references Gijswijt (1974a).

July, 2018 news, host plant genus

new pictures Aceria echii, ilicis, laticincta, ononidis; Aecidium clematidis; Aphis farinosa; Apiognomonia errabunda; Asphondylia melanopus; Cavariella theobaldi; Cercospora chenopodii, davisii, violae; Chaitophorus leucomelas, populeti; Chromatomyia gentianae; Dasineura harrisoni, pyri; Diplocarpon mespili; Eriocrania sparrmannella; Euphyllura phillyreae; Exobasidium vaccinii; Fusarium graminearum; Iteomyia major; Jaapiella schmidti; Leucoptera lotella, lustratella; Liriomyza ptarmicae; Lyonetia clerkella; Melanaphis donacis; Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae; Neuroterus […]

Rosa tomentosa host plant species

harsh downy-rose synonym: Rosa cuspidata, farinosa, horrida See also Rosa alba. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus rosae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Rosisphaerella rosicola leaf vagrant Geometridae Anticlea derivata leaf hidden Hesperiidae Spialia rosae stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis rosae leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis eglanteriae […]

genus Sanguisorba host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Pseudococcidae Ceroputo pilosellae leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea degeneraria leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis leaf vagrant Geometridae Charissa obscurata leaf vagrant […]

genus Rosa host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Pseudococcidae Peliococcus rosae unknown scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus glacialis leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium transvittatum flower vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Luperomorpha xanthodera leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides […]

genus Potentilla host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite root scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus cingulatus root scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcopsis subterranea root vagrant Curculionidae Centricnemus leucogrammus leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Tropiphorus elevatus leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus ligneus flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips acanthoscelis seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus azureus seeds vagrant Carabidae Parophonus maculicornis seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus griseus […]

Sanguisorba officinalis host plant species

great burnet synonym: Pimpinella officinalis; Poterium officinale; Sanguisorba carnea, major, microcephala organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea degeneraria leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis leaf […]

Sanguisorba minor host plant species

salad burnet synonym: Poterium dictyocarpum, minor, minus, sanguisorba; Sanguisorba maroccana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Pseudococcidae Ceroputo pilosellae leaf leaf spot Drepanopezizaceae Diplocarpon fragariae leaf leaf spot Dothioraceae Dothichiza sanguisorbae leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta sanguisorbae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Phacellium bulbigerum leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus purpureolineatus leaf vagrant doubtful […]

Potentilla caulescens host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes parvulus leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Phragmidium fragariae

Rosa spinosissima host plant species

burnet rose synonym: Rosa gentilis, myriacantha, pimpinellifolia, rubella, tschatyrdagi organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Actinomycetales Rhodococcus perornatus leaf hidden Hesperiidae Spialia rosae leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Seimatosporium rosae leaf vagrant Geometridae Cidaria fulvata fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus rosae leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macropsis megerlei leaf vagrant […]

Rosa rugosa host plant species

japanese rose synonym: Rosa andreae organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella fruit vagrant rarely Coreidae Coreus marginatus leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis chrysorrhoea leaf vagrant Geometridae Earophila badiata fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana sociabilis leaf […]

Rosa rubiginosa host plant species

sweet-briar synonym: Rosa x almeriensis, apricorum, x braunii, eglanteria L. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus spinosus leaf hidden Hesperiidae Spialia rosae fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus rosae leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Edwardsiana rhodophila leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zygina schneideri leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arboridia simillima leaf vagrant […]

Rosa pendulina host plant species

synonym: Rosa alpina organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Sporocadaceae Sporocadus rosarum stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus niger leaf hidden Hesperiidae Spialia rosae fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus nigrovariegatus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus rosae stem gall Buprestidae Agrilus cuprescens stem borer Prodoxidae Lampronia standfussiella leaf vagrant Cicadellidae […]

Rosa luciae host plant species

memorial rose synonym: Rosa wichuraiana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella

Rosa glauca host plant species

red-leaved rose synonym: Rosa ferruginea, gutensteinensis, rubrifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Phlaeothripidae Lispothrips crassipes leaf vagrant Thripidae Oxythrips ulmifoliorum flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips pragensis leaf vagrant Notodontidae Phalera bucephala leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus aculeatus fruit borer Torymidae Megastigmus rosae […]

Rosa centifolia host plant species

synonym: Rosa gallica var. centifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum leaf vagrant Argidae Arge ochropus leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya ochroleucana leaf hidden Tortricidae Notocelia rosaecolana stem scale Diaspididae Aulacaspis rosae leaf gall Tenthredinidae Blennocampa phyllocolpa leaf gall Cynipidae Diplolepis nervosa leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa leaf miner Nepticulidae […]

Rosa canina host plant species

dog-rose synonym: Rosa afzeliana, andegavensis, caucasica, globularis, heterostyla, mandonii, nitidula, prutensis, scabrata Crép., sepium Lam., sphaerica, squarrosa, trichoneura organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium transvittatum stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia podolica stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia semicuprea leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus rotundus leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis leaf vagrant Thripidae […]

Rosa arkansana host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella

Rosa host plants

Rosa rose (For a dichotomous table for galls on Rosa by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a small blotch with a round excision: Incurvaria masculella 1b blotch or tentiform mine: Coptotriche angusticollella 1c corridor, more or less widened towards the end => 2 1d fleck mine => 6 1e galls, etc. => […]

Potentilla host plants

Potentilla cinquefoil Incl. Argentina anserina. Also Duchesnea indica, the mock strawberry, is currently included in Potentilla. See also Comarum and Drymocallis. For Potentilla fruticosa see Dasiphora. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Potentilla by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a blotch, no trace of a preceding corridor => 2 1b corridor, […]

Sanguisorba host plants

Sanguisorba burnet incl. Poterium. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Sanguisorba by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a small (< 1 cm) full depth blotch or broad corridor; larvae later live free: Spialia sertorius 1b upper-surface corridor without an egg shell at the beginning; larva a maggot => 2 1c full […]