Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella sorbi parasite

Stigmella sorbi (Stainton, 1861) barred rowan pigmy on Sorbus, etc. Sorbus aucuparia, Belgium, prov. Liège, Rocherath, 23.vi.2014 © Carina Van Steenwinkel occupied mine vacated mine Sorbus aucuparia, Italy, Aosta; herbarium Ben van As Sorbus aucuparia, Belgium (from Wullaert, 2010c). Sorbus aucuparia, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon; © Jean-Yves Baugnée mine Oviposition at the leaf underside. The […]

Stigmella oxyacanthella parasite

Stigmella oxyacanthella (Stainton, 1854) common fruit-tree pigmy Crataegus monogyna, Nieuwendam, 22.x.2011 Crataegus monogyna, Duin en Kruidberg, 11..x.2001 detail Pyrus communis, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Tournai, RN de la Carrière de l’Orientm 22.viii.2016 © Stéphane Claerebout mine Long corridor, that widens only little, and winds freely through the leaf, not influenced by the venation. In thick, sun-exposed […]

Wullaert S, 2010c.

Stigmella sorbi, (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae), new to the Belgian fauna. – Phegea 38(4): 121-126.

Bruun H, 1986a.

Mines of Stigmella sorbi (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae) on Malus domestica and Malus sylvestris. – Notulae entomologicae 66: 102-104.

genus Amelanchier host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Amphitetranychus viennensis leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana leaf leaf spot Drepanopezizaceae Diplocarpon mespili […]

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus globus stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora chinensis flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor leaf miner Taneiothrips inconsequens flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia plicata stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx dux dead wood […]

Sorbus americana host plant species

synonym: Aucuparia, Pyrus, americana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus longispinus leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

rowan synonym: Cyrus, Pirus, Pyrus, aucuparia; Sorbus amurensis, boissieri organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus attenuatus stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus mali flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips subtilissimus flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips ajugae flower hidden Thripidae […]

Sorbus intermedia host plant species

synonym: Pirus, Sorbus, scandica; Pyrus intermedia; Sorbus suecica organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia inaequalis leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Amphitetranychus viennensis predator Miridae Malacocoris chlorizans leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diloba caeruleocephala leaf vagrant Pieridae Aporia crataegi stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus mali stem borer Curculionidae Scolytus […]

Cotoneaster integerrimus host plant species

synonym: Cotoneaster scandinavicus, vulgaris, zabelii auct. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor leaf miner Taneiothrips inconsequens flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus leaf hidden Tortricidae Hedya nubiferana leaf vagrant Tingidae Stephanitis pyri leaf hidden Gelechiidae Athrips mouffetella leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia inaequalis fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Horvathiolus superbus leaf […]

genus Sorbus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips setinodis stem borer Agromyzidae Phytobia carbonaria flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major flower […]

Cotoneaster simonsii host plant species

himalayan cotoneaster organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae

Malus domestica host plant species

apple synonym: Malus paradisiaca, sylvestris subp. mitis; Pirus, Pyrus, paradisiaca, malus According to the Euro+Med PlantBase (2019), the correct name of the common apple is: Malus pumila; this is not followed here. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus transcaucasicus leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens […]

genus Malus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium kosswigi unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium nocivum stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus transcaucasicus stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia recens root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus exophthalmus leaf vagrant […]

Malus host plants

Malus apple (For a dichotomous table for galls on Malus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b small blotch, eventually with a circular excision => 2 1c tentiform mine => 3 1d primary blotch without preceding corridor or excision => 9 1e corridor from start […]

Sorbus host plants

Sorbus mountain ash Incl. Aucuparia. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Sorbus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a small blotch mine, with an excision, not much smaller then the blotch itself: Incurvaria pectinea 1b primary blotch, without an excision => 2 1c tentiform mine => 8 1d corridor, abruptly widening […]

Amelanchier host plants

Amelanchier juneberry (For a dichotomous table for galls on Amelanchier by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b fleck mine => 2 1c blotch, without a trace of a preceding corridor => 4 1d corridor, may be widened at the end => 5 1d tentiform mine […]

Cotoneaster host plants

Cotoneaster cotoneaster Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b tentiform mine, > 1 cm => 2 1c small (max. 1 cm) tentiform or blotch mine => 8 1d blotch, > 1 cm, without an initial corridor => 15 1e corridor, > 1 cm, may be widened towards then end => […]

November, 2012 news

New species for the fauna of Belgium Phyllonorycter issikii; Phytomyza fallaciosa, ranunculivora, stolonigena; Stigmella sorbi. A case of xenophagy in Ectoedemia subbimaculella

Chrysocharis phryne parasite

Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, lautella, quercifoliella, schreberella, sorbi; Stigmella lemniscella. host plants polyphagous Lonicera; Quercus; Sorbus; Symphoricarpos; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Gijswijt (1965a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a), Vidal (1986a).

Hemiptarsenus ornatus parasite

Hemiptarsenus ornatus (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid in mines of Chromatomyia horticola; Elachista ? stabilella; Heterarthrus nemoratus; Phyllonorycter anderidae, sorbi; Stigmella aeneofasciella; Triberta helianthemella; Trifurcula cryptella (Stainton). host plants polyphagous Betula nana; Helianthemum; Populus nigra. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Hemiptarsenus dropion (walker, 1839). references Askew (1968a), Bouček (1959a). Yefremova, Strakhova & Kravchenko, ao (2015a).

January, 2021 news

new gall inducer for the Benelux Andricus coriarius. new gall inducer for Europe Prociphilus osmanthae. new pictures Acleris schalleriana; Atemelia torquatella; Bucculatrix demaryella; Chaitophorus salicti; Crepidodera aurata; Diplolepis mayri; Ectoedemia argyropeza; Eriophyes exilis; Eulachnus rileyi; Lathronympha strigana; Metcalfa pruinosa; Microbotryum violaceum; Pachypappa warshavensis; Phyllocoptes populi; Spilopodia nervisequa; Stigmella assimilella, sorbi; Swammerdamia caesiella.

Sorbus aria host plant species

common whitebeam synonym: Aria nivea; Pirus aria organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Lamprodila decipiens stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sinuatus dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus gibbosus dead wood borer Cerambycidae Grammoptera ruficornis dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus mysticus leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Eotetranychus prunicola stem […]

genus Crataegus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus praecellens dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prinobius myardi dead wood borer Cerambycidae Axinopalpis gracilis bud vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Smaragdina limbata stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira necessaria root vagrant Curculionidae Centricnemus leucogrammus unknown unknown […]

Sorbus domestica host plant species

service-tree synonym: Cormus, Pirus, Pyrus, domestica; Pyrus sorbus organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia inaequalis leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides podalirius stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sinuatus stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia salicis stem borer Buprestidae […]

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

wild service-tree synonym: Pirus torminalis; Torminalis glaberrima organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips confusus leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips subtilissimus leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips setinodis flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi […]

genus Cydonia host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus glacialis leaf scale Pseudococcidae Heliococcus bohemicus stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni flower hidden Aeolothripidae Orothrips priesneri leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips andresi flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus kaehleri dead […]

Prunus avium host plant species

wild cherry synonym: Cerasus avium, juiana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae stem borer Lamprodrila balcanica leaf down Erysiphaceae Podosphaera pruni-avium flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips phyllophilus leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus flower predator […]

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

hawthorn synonym: Crataegus alemanniensis, brevispina, cuneata, kyrtostyla, leiomonogyna, monogyna subsp. brevispina organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus pterygomalis flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus flower vagrant Thripidae Nigritothrips longistylosus flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips ruptipennis flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips angusticornis […]

Amelanchier ovalis host plant species

snowy mespilus synonym: Amelanchier rotundifolia, vulgaris; Crataegus rotundifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor dead wood borer Cerambycidae Glaphyra umbellatarum dead wood borer Cerambycidae Pogonocherus hispidulus leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Amphitetranychus viennensis leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana leaf vagrant Aphididae […]

Pyrus communis host plant species

pear synonym: Pirus communis organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Laparocerus grossepunctatus flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus flower hidden […]

genus Prunus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall Aphididae Tuberocephalus tianmushanensis leaf vagrant Psyllidae Spanioneura turkiana unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium rugulosum unknown scale Diaspididae Chlidaspis asiatica stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus osborni leaf vagrant Psyllidae Spanioneura pechai stem scale Coccidae Physokermes hemicryphus stem borer Cerambycidae Osphranteria coerulescens dead wood borer Cerambycidae Ropalopus lederi unknown […]

Malus sylvestris host plant species

crab apple synonym: Malus acerba, communis & subsp. sylvestris, kirghisorum; Pirus acerba, malus var. silvestris; Pyrus sylvestris organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni unknown scale Coccidae Eulecanium nocivum […]

genus Pyrus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown scale Coccidae Palaeolecanium kosswigi stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Monolepta anatolica root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides root vagrant Curculionidae Centricnemus leucogrammus leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Laparocerus grossepunctatus flower […]

genus Chaenomeles host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa leaf scale Coccidae Ceroplastes floridensis leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia ulmophila stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa unknown scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus marani stem scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus pyri stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina stem kanker Sporocadaceae […]

September, 2017 news

new species for the Benelux Phytomyza actaeae new book Arnold Grosscurt, Plantengallen aberrant galls on rose Diplolepis nervosa/eglanteriae new pictures Acalyptris minimella; Aceria chondrillae, megacera, stefanii; Acericecis szepligetii, vitrina; Aculus magnirostris; Aecidium ranunculi-acris; Albugo candida; Ametrodiplosis thalictricola; Anthracoidea subinclusa; Aphidoletes aphidimyza; Aphis umbrella; Aploneura lentisci; Arthrocnodax coryligallarum; Carpomya schineri; Clinodiplosis cilicrus; Contarinia coryli, loti; Dothidella […]

Cydonia host plants

Cydonia quince (For a dichotomous table for galls on Cydonia by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaf: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b tentiform mine => 2 1c fleck mine; larva mines from a portable case => 6 1d corridor or blotch => 9 1e galls, etc => Tables for all […]

Crataegus host plants

Crataegus hawthorn Incl. x Crataemespilus. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Crataegus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b round excisions, 3-4 mm diam.: Incurvaria masculella 1c tentiform mine, > 1 cm => 2 1d small, < 1 cm, blotch or corridor => 6 […]

Pyrus host plants

Pyrus pear Incl. x Sorbopyrus (For a dichotomous table for galls on Pyrus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b mine with an excision: Incurvaria pectinea 1c tentiform mine => 2 1d blotch, without a preceding corridor => 7 1e corridor from start to end […]

Prunus host plants

Prunus cherry incl. Amygdalus, Armeniaca, Cerasus, Padus, Persica. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Prunus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine in fallen leaves: Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus 1b mine with an excision => 2 1c tentiform mine => 3 1d blotch without preceding corridor => 11 1e corridor from start […]

Chaenomeles host plants

Chaenomeles japonica, flowering quince (For a dichotomous table for galls on Chaenomeles by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a tentiform mine => 2 1b primairy blotch mine, without preceding corridor => 4 1c corridor from start to end (may form a secondary blotch) => 6 1d corridor, widening into a primary blotch: […]

August, 2016 news

New for the Benelux Liriomyza balcanica; Pegomya dulcamarae New for the Netherlands Agromyza dipsaci correction: galls on Bupleurum falcatum were not caused by Eryngiophaga hungarica but by: Planchonia arabidis. Unusual hostplant Phyllonorycter corylifoliella: Corylus avellana New pictures Acalyptris minimella; Aceria tenuis; Aequsomatus annulatus; Agromyza frontella, nana; Americina vittata; Andricus aries; Aphis nerii, ulmariae; Aploneura lentisci; Apteropeda […]