Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella sorbi parasite

Stigmella sorbi (Stainton, 1861) barred rowan pigmy Sorbus aucuparia, Italy, Aosta; herbarium Ben van As Sorbus aucuparia, België; from Wullaert (2010c). Sorbus aucuparia, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Arlon; © Jean-Yves Baugnée mine Oviposition at the leaf underside. The mine begins as a very slender winding corridor of 15-20 mm, the second…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hahniella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Malus host plants

…secondary blotch); larva green or yellow => 19 19a larva yellow: Stigmella malella 19b larva green => 20 20a larva: segment 9 spinulose: Stigmella magdalenae 20b larva: segment 9 not spinulose (not in Nederland or Belgium): Stigmella desperatella 21a mine > 3 cm; frass in a narrow central line; larval…

Sorbus host plants

…narrow central line: Stigmella magdalenae 18b corridor winds freely through the leaf; frass coiled => 19 19a larva in June-July: Stigmella nylandriella 19b larva in September-November => 20 20a larva: meso- and metanotum with 10 setae: Stigmella nylandriella 20b meso- and metanotum with 9 setae (rare on Sorbus): Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Cotoneaster host plants

…central line => 20 20a corridor abruptly widened into a blotch; larva hyaline => 21 20b corridor gradually widening, never becoming a real blotch; larva green: Stigmella magdalenae 21a larva: second half of June; abdominal segment 10 with 2 pairs of setae: Stigmella sorbi 21b segment 10 with 3 pairs…

Amelanchier host plants

…never crossing the midrib => 8 8a corridor ends in an almost circular blotch: Stigmella sorbi 8b corridor either only weakly widened in the end, or forming a secondary blotch there => 9 9a most of the frass coiled: Stigmella oxyacanthella 9b all frass linear or dispersed => 10 10a…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner…

Crataegus host plants

…mine triangular, between two lateral veins, or between a lateral vein and the leaf margin; initial corridor largely overrun by the secondary blotch; larva yellow: Stigmella perpygmaeella 23b mine tresspassing over the lateral veins, initial corridor not overrun; larva green: Stigmella crataegella 24a mine begins upon the petiole => 25…

genus Malus host plant genus

…miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf…

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae…

Prunus host plants

…black => 20 20a frass partly coiled: Stigmella oxyacanthella 20b frass nowhere coiled: Stigmella malella 21a mijn > 3 cm, very slender; frass in a narrow central line; larva chamber more than 3 times as long as wide => 22 21b mine shorter; frass sometimes absent; larva chamber indistinct =>…

B (references) host plants, references

Báborská, Z, Majzlan O & Košťál M, 2017a. First record of Mecinus janthiniformis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Slovakia. – Entomofauna carpathica 29(1): 39-42. Báborská Z, Skuhrovec J & Košťál M, 2019a. The mature larva and pupa of Tychius subsulcatus Tournier, 1847 (Coleoptera, Curculionidae), with comments on its biology and phylogenetic…

Malus domestica host plant species

…clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae…

Pyrus host plants

…egg lower-surface: Stigmella oxyacanthella 15a frass line very narrow; often a secondary blotch: Stigmella desperatella 15b frass line broader; frass dispersed or narrowly coiled: Stigmella minusculella 16a corridor > 3 cm; frass in a narow central line; larva chamber more than 3 times as wide as long: Lyonetia clerkella 16b…

genus Amelanchier host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Cotoneaster integerrimus host plant species

…leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium fusisporum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus schlechtendali stem gall Eriophyidae Acalitus cotoneastri stem…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella azaroli leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella…

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

…miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hahniella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella torminalis leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyri leaf miner…

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium…

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

…leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paradoxa leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella perpygmaeella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella regiella…

Sorbus intermedia host plant species

…Erysiphales Phyllactinia mali leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aucupariae leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf pustule…

W (references) host plants, references

…nieuw voor de Belgische fauna. – Phegea 38(1): 5-7. Wullaert S, 2010b. Coleophora conyzae (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae), nieuw voor de Belgische fauna. – Phegea 38(2): 68-70. Wullaert S, 2010c. Stigmella sorbi, (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae), new to the Belgian fauna. – Phegea 38(4): 121-126. Wullaert S, 2012a. Phyllonorycter issikii (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), new to…

Sorbus aria host plant species

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella…

Pyrus communis host plant species

…Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyri leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stettinensis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf oviposition…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella amygdali leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella

Cydonia host plants

…breeding) => 4 4a species common in NW Europe => 5 4b rare in NW Europe or more southern species: Phyllonorycter hostis, Ph. mespilella 5a pupa greyish brown: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa reddish brown: Phyllonorycter sorbi 6a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 6b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm)…

November, 2012 news

New species for the fauna of Belgium Phyllonorycter issikii; Phytomyza fallaciosa, ranunculivora, stolonigena; Stigmella sorbi. A case of xenophagy in Ectoedemia subbimaculella…

Cotoneaster simonsii host plant species

himalayan cotoneaster organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae…

Sorbus americana host plant species

synonym: Aucuparia, Pyrus, americana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi

Chaenomeles host plants

…widening into a primary blotch: Lyonetia prunifoliella 1e fleck mine => 9 1f galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a mine upper-surface, silvery => 3 2b mine lower-surface: Phyllonorycter cydoniella, sorbi 3a fully developed mine silvery-white, without dark speckles : Phyllonorycter leucographella 3b fully developed mine witg…

Prunus avium host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Leucotelium cerasi leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Sorbus domestica host plant species

…cerisolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium torminali-juniperini leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus pyri leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis sorbi

genus Cydonia host plant genus

…Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium gracile leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides leaf vagrant spring…

August, 2016 news

…Aphis nerii, ulmariae; Aploneura lentisci; Apteropeda orbiculata s.l.; Argopus brevis; Brachycolus stellariae; Caloptilia coruscans; Calycomyza artemisiae; Chromatomyia scolopendri; unknown on Melilotus albus; Cristulariella depraedans; Cronartium flaccidum; Dasineura cardaminis, cytisi, leguminicola, rosae, serotina; Dysaphis sorbi; Epinotia tetraquetrana; Eriophyes torminalis; Erysiphe ornata, polygoni; ? Eucosma metzneriana; Exobasidium rhododendri; Jaapiella genisticola, volvens; Kiefferia…

September, 2017 news

…pilosellae; Mayetiola agrostidis, bromicola, culacera; Melampsora laricis-populina; Melampsorella symphyti; Mikiola fagi; Ophelimus maskelli; Paraconiothyrium tiliae; Parallelodiplosis galliperda; Phyllobrostis fregenella; Phyllonorycter sorbi; Pseudomicrostroma juglandis; Puccinia cnici-oleracei, longicornis, tanaceti, veronicarum; Rhagoletis completa; Scaptomyza flava; Stigmella suberivora; Taphrina insititiae; unknown on Alchemilla; Tetramesa brevicollis, spec.; Tischeria ekebladella; Unaspis euonymi; Uromyces beticola; Wachtliella krumbholzi….

genus Chaenomeles host plant genus

…Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius…