Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula anthyllidella parasite

Trifurcula anthyllidella Klimesch, 1975 Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae Anthyllis cytisoides, Spain, prov. Cádiz; from van Nieukerken (2007b) Anthyllis cytisoides, Spain, prov. Málaga; from van Nieukerken (2007b) Anthyllis cytisoides; from Klimesch (1975a). mine Oviposition at the leaf upper side, on the disc or on the midrib. From there runs a narrow, upper-surface corridor…

Anthyllis host plants

…free on the plant => 8 7a frass in the blotch as one or a few black lumps; on Anthylis cytisoides: Trifurcula anthyllidella 7b frass in the blotch as many, loose, grains; on Anthyllis montana: Trifurcula cryptella 7c frass in the blotch as many, loose, grains; on Anthyllis hermanniae: Trifurcula

genus Anthyllis host plant genus

…rudella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vestalella leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Nothris lemniscellus leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula anthyllidella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula peloponnesica leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Scythrididae…

Dorycnium host plants

…at either side 10, 10 and 8 setae, resp.: Trifurcula eurema 6b pupation outside the mine; larva: thorax dorsally with at either side 13, 11 en 9 setae, resp.: Trifurcula cryptella 7a larva in a helicoidal case; opening in the mine irregular and relatively large: Apterona helicoidella 7b larva in…

Lotus host plants

…mine; larva: thorax dorsally with at either side 10, 10 and 8 setae, resp.: Trifurcula eurema 9b pupation outside the mine; larva: thorax dorsally with at either side 13, 11 en 9 setae, resp.: Trifurcula cryptella, manygoza 10a the leaflet is completely mined: Phyllonorycter nigrescentella 10b the leaflet in only…

genus Cytisus host plant genus

…Arytaina maculata leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla spartiophila stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula corothamni stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula chamaecytisi stem borer Nepticulidae Trifurcula trasaghica stem gall Nepticulidae Trifurcula pallidella unknown unknown Nepticulidae Trifurcula squamatella stem miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera spartifoliella stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter scopariella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora supinella stem vagrant Aphididae…

Coronilla host plants

…Syncopacma vinella 8a corridor widening into a blotch => 9 8b blotch, without a trace of a preceding corridor: Leucoptera lotella 9a transition from galley to blotch abrupt: Trifurcula cryptella 9b transition gradual: Trifurcula ortneri 10a frass in a broad central green band with minute black grains at either side:…

Anthyllis cytisoides host plant species

…vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon caraganae stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis brunnea stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rudella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vestalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula anthyllidella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces…

genus Lotus host plant genus

…Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicinella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner main…

Lotus corniculatus host plant species

…miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner main Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza leaf miner main Scythrididae Scythris picaepennis leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium…

Trifolium host plants

…close together: Phyllonoryter insignitella 3a older larvae live free between spun leaves; mine full depth, very transparent => 4 3b larvae remain in the mine => 5 4a larva dark grey with anteriorly a white dorsal line: Aproaerema anthyllidella 4b larva brownish-yellow with red transverse bands: Syncopacma taeniolella 5a at…

Anthyllis terniflora host plant species

synonym: Anthyllis genistae organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula anthyllidella stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia fimbriata…

genus Dorycnium host plant genus

…acrisella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora bilineatella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora congeriella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora medelichensis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Psychidae Apterona…

genus Coronilla host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora sisteronica leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trifariella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ortneri leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces coronillae stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia…

genus Onobrychis host plant genus

…waltoni stem borer larva Apionidae Stenopterapion intermedium stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula silviae fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albostraminata systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia onobrychidis flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura floralis leaf down…

Dorycnium rectum host plant species

…Cacoecimorpha pronubana leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris acuminatus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis bonjeaniae leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema…

Lotus glaucus host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella unknown borer larva doubtful Apionidae Hemitrichapion gomerense stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti…

Onobrychis viciifolia host plant species

…vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona callosus unknown borer larva Apionidae Hemitrichapion waltoni unknown borer larva Apionidae Pseudoprotapion elegantulum stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum stem borer larva Apionidae Stenopterapion intermedium root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula silviae fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albostraminata systemic…