Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Trifurcula ridiculosa parasite

Trifurcula ridiculosa (Walsingham, 1908) Lotus pedunculatus, Madeira; from van Nieukerken (2007b) Lotus arabicus, La Gomera; from Klimesch (1977a) Lotus sessilifolius, Teneriffa; from Klimesch (1977a) mine Oviposition at either side of the leaf. The mine starts as a long and very narrow corridor, following the leaf margin, suddenly widening into an…

Lotus host plants

…shell where the mine begins: Coleophora discordella (initial mine) 7b blotch begins near the leaf basis, from there expanding over the leaflet; at the begin a small egg shell => 8 8a Canary Islands, Madeira: Trifurcula ridiculosa 8b species from the European continent => 9 9a pupa usually in the…

genus Lotus host plant genus

Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicinella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner main Scythrididae Scythris picaepennis leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium alpicola leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae…

Lotus pedunculatus host plant species

…loti leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lotorum leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia sphaeroidea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae…

Lotus sessilifolius host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower borer Nitidulidae Fabogethes varicollis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora loti leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa

Lotus glinoides host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa

Lotus glaucus host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa unknown borer larva doubtful Apionidae Hemitrichapion gomerense stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti…

Lotus campylocladus host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown unknown doubtful Scythrididae Scythris pinkeri leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa