Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora albitarsella parasite

Coleophora albitarsella Zeller, 1849 white-legged case-bearer Glechoma hederacea, Belgium, prov. Liège, Angleur, Ourthe © Jean-Yves Baugnée an individual case Glechoma hederacea, Diemerbos Origanum vulgare, Denmark, Zealand, Bognæs; © Hans Henrik Bruun Salvia verticillata, Wageningen © Maarten Immerzeel Agastache foeniculum, Wageningen © Maarten Immerzeel: feeding pattern case case Sheath case. The…

Coleophora albitarsella larva parasite

Coleophora albitarsella Glechoma hederacea, Zwanenwater sternnum, abdominal prolegs anal prolegs As might be expected with such a slender case, the larva is quite long. The abdominal prolegs (on ab. segment 3-5 only) are strongly reduced. 30.iii.2009…

Coleophora niveicostella parasite

…from Britain to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010). larva Sometimes the cases are difficult to distinguish from those of the much more common C. albitarsella. A differential character is that the larva of niveicostella has the metanotum unicolorous with remainder of the pale greenish, while in albitarsella the metanotum bears two…

Coleophora pulmonariella parasite

Coleophora pulmonariella Ragonot, 1874 from Toll (1962a) case Very slender, dark brown, tubular, composite leaf case. The frontal part is somehwat hairy, otherwise the case is bare. Mouth angle 45°. The case (and the adult) strongly resemble that of C. albitarsella. Contrary to C. pennella, living on the same host…

Stachys host plants

Coleophora onopordiella 19b outline practically straight => 20 20a case lies almost flat on the leaf; only on op Stachys officinalis: Coleophora wockeella 20b case stands nearly upright on the leaf; also on other species: Coleophora ballotella (but see also Coleophora pennella) Not included in the key: Liriomyza eupatorii (xenophagy?);…

Thymus host plants

…8 6e tubular silken case: 9 7a larva: metanotum colourless: Colephora niveicostella 7b metanotum with two dark shields (occurence on thyme uncertain): Coleophora albitarsella 8a mouth angle ± 90°: Coleophora serpylletorum 8b mouth angle ± 45°: Coleophora obtectella 9a case 6-7 mm: Coleophora pyrenaica 9bcase 8-9.5 mm: Coleophora thymi &…

Salvia host plants

…all parasites per species 2a larva in a helicoidal case; hole in the mine untidy, angular: Apterona helicoidella 2b case in principle tubular; hole exactly round => 3 3a black sheath case: Coleophora albitarsella 3b coarsew lobe base: Coleophora virgatella 3c composite leaf case => 4 4a case composed of…

genus Thymus host plant genus

…niveicostella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora obtectella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pyrenaica leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serpylletorum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora struella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora thymi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora tolli leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella grabowiella leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa artemisiella leaf miner Gelechiidae Sophronia humerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis…

genus Stachys host plant genus

…pumilus leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda globosa leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia foersteri leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia rugulosa leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora auricella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ballotella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lineolea leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochripennella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae…

Origanum host plants

Origanum marjoram Incl. Majorana (For a dichotomous table for galls on Origanum by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine => 2 1b corridor and/or blotch => 3 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a brownish black sheath case: Coleophora albitarsella 2b…

Clinopodium host plants

…for all parasites per species 2a larva in a helicoidal case; hole in the mine angular: Apterona helicoidella 2b larva in a tubular case; hole precisely round: Coleophora albitarsella 3agallery (running along the leaf margin), followed by a blotch: Stephensia brunnichella 3b corridor, freely winding through the leaf: Apteropeda orbiculata…

Glechoma host plants

…midrib: Liriomyza strigata 6b mine not branched, not associated with the midrib: Phytomyza glechomae 7a greenish lobe case: Coleophora ochripennella 7b black-brown sheath case: Coleophora albitarsella 8a larva colourless-whitish, without thoracic feet: Phytosciara halterata 8b larva grey, thoracic feet present => 9 9a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the…

Lycopus host plants

Lycopus gipsywort Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine, the larva mines from a transportable case => 2 1b gallery or blotch mine; the larva mines from within => 3 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a brownish black sheath case: Coleophora albitarsella 2b composite leaf…

Satureja host plants

…on Satureja s.l. by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine; larva mines from a transportable case => 2 1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a sheath case: Coleophora albitarsella 2b lobe case: Coleophora bifrondella Not included in the key: Ophiomyia curvipalpis…

Nepeta host plants

Nepeta cat-mint (For a dichotomous table for galls on Nepeta by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine; case black-brown: Coleophora albitarsella 1b an upper- or lower-surface corridor or secondary blotch => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a puation in…

genus Salvia host plant genus

…Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys quercicola leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onopordiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora salviella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Ramphis libanoticus leaf miner…

Agastache host plants

Agastache Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a larva mines from a transportable case, makes fleck mines: Coleophora albitarsella 1b galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species…

Melissa host plants

Melissa lemon balm Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine; larva mines from a tubular case: Coleophora albitarsella 1b orridor or blotch mine => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a mine small, irregular in shape, full depth; older larvae live free among spun leaves:…

Melittis host plants

Melittis bastard balm Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine: Coleophora albitarsella 1b narrow corridor, followed by a large blotch => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a frass in the corridor in a broad central green band, with minute grains at either side: Amauromyza…

Mentha host plants

Mentha mint (For a dichotomous table for galls on Mentha by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine; larva mines from a blackish brown case: Coleophora albitarsella 1b fine gallery, descending, via the petiole, down the stem: Glaucolepis saturejae 1c gallery or blotch => 2 1d…

Prunella host plants

…larva without feet: Orthochaetes insignis 4b larva with thoracic feet: Apteropeda globosa & orbiculata 5a larva in a helicoidal case; hole in the mine untidy, angular: Apterona helicoidella 5b larva in a tubular case; hole neatly round: Coleophora albitarsella Not included in the key: Phytomyza abdita, Phytosciara halterata; Vulcaniella extremella….

genus Nepeta host plant genus

…Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf gall Aphididae Aphis nepetae leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Dibolia carpathica leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae…

genus Satureja host plant genus

…down Peronosporales Peronospora saturejae-hortensis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora obtectella leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa artemisiella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis leaf bud gall Aphididae Aphis serpylli…

genus Glechoma host plant genus

…miner rarely Agromyzidae Agromyza flavipennis leaf miner main Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza lamii leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza morionella leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza glechomae leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochripennella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara…

Glechoma hederacea host plant species

…Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza lamii leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza morionella leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza glechomae leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ochripennella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata leaf pustule…

genus Lycopus host plant genus

…stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus arquata stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus angulosus stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus melanostictus stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza tschirnhausi leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces biocellatus leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza lycopi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner…

Salvia pratensis host plant species

…miner Buprestidae Trachys quercicola leaf miner main Chrysomelidae Dibolia femoralis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia schillingii leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia stipina root gall Apionidae Squamapion…

genus Origanum host plant genus

…down Erysiphales Golovinomyces monardae leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf gall Aphididae Aphis origani leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria labiatiflorae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza origani leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella leaf miner Elachistidae Stephensia brunnichella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia brunellarum-moliniae leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales…

Salvia verbenaca host plant species

…borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia doleriformis root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia proximata leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis salviae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fruit gall Cynipidae Neaylax verbenaca leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia stipina leaf vagrant Aphididae…

Nepeta cataria host plant species

…galeopsidis leaf gall Aphididae Aphis nepetae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Dibolia carpathica leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae fruit gall Cynipidae Liposthenes kerneri leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani…

Prunella vulgaris host plant species

Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis headleyella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia brunellarum-moliniae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus prunellae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus jaceae leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum leaf vagrant…

Melissa officinalis host plant species

…Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces monardae leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae…

genus Melittis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anasphaltis renigerellus leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Aphididae Cryptomyzus ballotae…

genus Melissa host plant genus

…leaf vagrant Aphididae Eucarazzia elegans leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces monardae leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Ovatus crataegarius leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza petoei leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani…

Mentha arvensis host plant species

…Agromyzidae Phytomyza tetrasticha leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia occultans leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops hamatus stem gall Apionidae Squamapion vicinum root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla leaf gall Aphididae Aphis affinis leaf vagrant Aphididae Ovatus…

Mentha aquatica host plant species

…Aceria megacera leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria mentharia leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza petoei leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tetrasticha leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia occultans leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae stem gall Apionidae Squamapion vicinum…

Salvia verticillata host plant species

…flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura salviae leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces salviae leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula duriaei leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora salviae-officinalis leaf down doubtful Peronosporales Peronospora swinglei leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria salviae leaf miner main Agromyzidae Phytomyza salviae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza scotina leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia…

Origanum vulgare host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza origani leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia brunellarum-moliniae leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia stipina leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia ruebsaamenii leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus jaceae stem gall Apionidae Squamapion origani stem gall Curculionidae Thamnurgus kaltenbachii…

Lycopus europaeus host plant species

…Curculionidae Datonychus angulosus stem borer larva Curculionidae Datonychus melanostictus stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza tschirnhausi leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces biocellatus leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza lycopi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae…

Melittis melissophyllum host plant species

bastard balm organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anasphaltis renigerellus leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Aphididae Cryptomyzus ballotae…

genus Clinopodium host plant genus

…gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia calaminthae leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora calaminthae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza obscura leaf miner Buprestidae Habroloma triangulare leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda globosa leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia depressiuscula leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf…

genus Mentha host plant genus

…leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria mentharia leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza labiatarum leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza petoei leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tetrasticha leaf miner doubtful Buprestidae Trachys problematicus leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia occultans leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Elachistidae Stephensia cedronellae leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae…

genus Prunella host plant genus

…orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Nepticulidae Glaucolepis headleyella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia brunellarum-moliniae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii leaf vagrant Eriophyidae…

Agastache foeniculum host plant species

anise hyssop, blue giant hyssop synonym: Agastache anethiodora organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae…

Clinopodium vulgare host plant species

…Agromyzidae Phytomyza nepetae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza obscura leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda globosa leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia menthae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops clinopodii stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia…

genus Agastache host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Neoërysiphe galeopsidis leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora belbahrii leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf pustule telia doubtful Pucciniales Puccinia glechomatis leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae…

November, 2015 news

New host plants Colephora albitarsella: for Agastache foeniculum; Salvia verticillata, Coleophora gryphipennella: for Fragaria vesca, Bedellia somnulentella: for Calystegia soldanella, Phtorimaea operculella: for Solanum dulcamara….