Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora discordella parasite

Coleophora discordella Zeller, 1849 lotus case-bearer Lotus corniculatus, Duin en Kruidberg Lotus corniculatus, Belgium, prov. Liège, Ben-Ahin, Lovegnée-Bosquet © Jean-Yves Baugnée Lotus corniculatus, Pietersberg; youth mine mine and case Oviposition at the leaf underside, mostly in a vein axil. The larva begins by making a narrow winding corridor with much…

Astragalus host plants

…mine not neatly circular: Apterona helicoidella 5b case more or less straight; hole exactly circular (Coleophora) => 6 6a larva in a sheath case: Coleophora polonicella 6b … simple leaf case: Coleophora hippodromica 6c … composite leaf case (occurrence on Astragalus doubtful): Coleophora discordella 6d … pistol case => 7…

Lotus host plants

…Canary Islands: Coleophora loti 16b soorten from the European continent =>17 17a case laterally compressed, consisting of a few large leaf frafments: Coleophora squamella 17b case compressed only near the end, regular outline: Coleophora discordella Not included in the key: Cnephasia spec.; Coleophora acrisella (occurrence on this plant needs confirmation)….

Dorycnium host plants

…mouth opening more or less laterally placed => 13 12b mouth opening normal => 14 13a case very strongly arched: Coleophora acrisella 13b case almost straight: Coleophora medelichensis 14a mouth angle ≥ 45°: Coleophora squamella 14b mouth angle 40-45°: Coleophora congeriella Not included in the key: Coleophora discordella (error?), ononidella…

genus Astragalus host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hippodromica leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onobrychiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora polonicella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora stramentella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora svenssoni leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora valesianella leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma ochrofasciella leaf miner Lycaenidae Cupido minimus leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus escheri…

Medicago host plants

…Apterona helicoidella 4b convolutions indistinctly separated, suture shallow: Apterona gracilis 5a larva in a sheath case: Coleophora fuscociliella 5b .. composite leaf case (occurrence on this host plant doubtful): Coleophora discordella 5c .. lobe case: Coleophora hospitiella 5d .. pistol case => 6 6a case up to 16 mm, straw-coloured…

genus Lotus host plant genus

…Peronospora tetragonolobi leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia sphaeroidea leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora festivella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora loti leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner…

genus Dorycnium host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora congeriella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora medelichensis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces…

genus Medicago host plant genus

…obscurus root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis medicaginis stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza submetallescens stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia submaura stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia ononidis fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albostraminata leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria ononidis…

Oxytropis host plants

…a large primary blotch: Phytoliriomyza variegata 5b a corridor till the end, not associated with the leaf margin, may terminate in an indistinct secondary blotch => 6 6a frass in strings: Liriomyza bryoniae 6b frass in a broad green band: Liriomyza congesta Not included in the key: Coleophora discordella, svenssoni….

Lotus pedunculatus host plant species

…vagrant Curculionidae Hypera plantaginis leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha rivulana leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma larseniella root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona cinnamomeus stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella…

Lotus corniculatus host plant species

…gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lotorum leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia sphaeroidea leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella…

Lotus tenuis host plant species

…loti fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia melanopus fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius argentatus flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia loti leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia barbichei leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae…

Lotus maritimus host plant species

…Syncopacma taeniolella root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona cinerascens root borer Sesiidae Bembecia ichneumoniformis leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora tetragonolobi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae…

Lotus creticus host plant species

…root borer doubtful Sesiidae Bembecia sirphiformis stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion plumbeomicans fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius argentatus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces guerkeanus stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora…

Dorycnium rectum host plant species

synonym: Bonjeanea recta; Lotus rectus organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit borer Curculionidae Tychius cinnamomeus leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris acuminatus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis bonjeaniae leaf…

Oryza sativa host plant species

…vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia eremita leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia pullula unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips flavicinctus stem borer Crambidae Chilo suppressalis leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza oryzae leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella root vagrant Aphididae Geoica setulosa leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis…

Eupelmus vesicularis parasite

…maderae; Xestophanes brevitarsis, potentillae. Lepidoptera: Coleophora discordella; Glyphipterix simpliciella; Grapholita delineana; Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella; Rhyacionia buoliana. host plants polyphagous Asparagus officinalis; Astragalus glycyphyllos; Carex lasiocarpa; Castanea sativa; Eryngium campestre; Foeniculum vulgare; Rosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Eupelmella, Nacroneura, vesicularis. notes Fusu has shown that many older references to Eupelmus…