Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora follicularis parasite

Coleophora follicularis (Vallot, 1802) agrimony case-bearer Eupatorium cannabinum, Hinderdam Inula helenium, Naaldwijk; © Jan Scheffers feeding pattern case A slender tubular silken case, about 10 mm long, straw coloured, three valved. Mouth angle about 30°. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea clavennae, collina, erba-rotta subsp. moschata, millefolium; Anthemis; Carduus; Cirsium arvense;…

Coleophora inulae parasite

Coleophora inulae Wocke, 1877 fleabane case-bearer from Toll (1962a) case Larva in a slender tubular silken case. The case is about 15 mm long, yellow-grey, and trivalved. The mouth angle is about 0°-10°, causing the case to lie flat on the leaf. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Eupatorium cannabinum; Inula conyzae;…

Coleophora follicularis larva parasite

Coleophora follicularis Eupatorium cannabinum, Hinderdam See also Emmet ao (1996a) for a description of the larva. 23.i.2009…

Achillea host plants

…9 8a case slender, felty, up to 12 mm: Coleophora expressella 8bcase squat, long-hairy, much smaller: Coleophora millefolii 9a larva: head and pronotum dark brown to black: C. follicularis 9b head and pronotum very pale brown => 10 10a larva: rear margin of pronotum a fine dark line: Coleophora trochilella…

genus Achillea host plant genus

…Bucculatrix humiliella leaf miner doubtful Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix latviaella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora achilleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora caelebipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coarctataephaga leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ditella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora expressella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lenae leaf miner…

Inula host plants

…7 mm: Coleophora jerusalemella 20b case c. 12 mm: Coleophora solidaginella 21a case 9-10 mm => 22 21b case c. 15 mm: Coleophora inulae 22a mouth angle c. 30°: Coleophora follicularis 22b mouth angle 45-60°: Coleophora trochilella Not included in the key: Digitivalva eglanteriella, pappella; Pseudorchestes ? cinereus, persimilis gallicus….

Achillea millefolium host plant species

…cristatella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix fatigatella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix humiliella leaf miner doubtful Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix latviaella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora caelebipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ditella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora expressella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora millefolii leaf miner Coleophoridae…

Pulicaria host plants

…in, sometimes outside the mine: Phytomyza conyzae 4a larva in a spatulate leaf case: Coleophora conyzae 4b larva in a tubular silken case => 5 5a case 9-10 mm: Coleophora follicularis 5b case ca. 15 mm: Coleophora inulae Not included in the key: Coleophora praecursella; Digitivalva granitella, valeriella; Tebenna micalis….

Carduus host plants

…long: Coleophora peribenanderi 13b mounth angle 10-30°, case c. 10 mm (occurence on this hostplant uncertain): Coleophora follicularis 14a clear blotch => 15 14b corridor => 18 15a larva a maggot; near the start of the mine often an elliptic egg shell => 16 15b larva with feet and a…

genus Tanacetum host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pullula leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tanaceti leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix humiliella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora chrysanthemi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ditella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora tanaceti leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis…

Cirsium host plants

…case helicoidal: Apterona helicoidella 29b case more or less straight => 30 30a case dark brown: Coleophora paripennella 30b case straw coloured: Coleophora peribenanderi ** The leaves of Cirsium oleraceum are too thin for an inter-parenchymal mine; here the corridor is upper-surface and white, and only the larvae, and to…

Eupatorium host plants

…species: Phytomyza eupatorii 11b rear spiraculum with 3 papillae; introduced tropical species, in northern Europe mainly in greehouses: Liriomyza trifolii 12a larva in a spatulate leaf case: Coleophora conyzae 12b larva in a tubular silken case => 13 13a case 9-10 mm: Coleophora follicularis 13b case c. 15 mm: Coleophora

Tanacetum host plants

…case strongly constricted behind the orifice; usually on the flower heads: Coleophora tanaceti 3b case hardly constricted behind the orifice; a true leaf miner: Coleophora trochilella 4a mine full depth; larva with chitinised head => 5 4b mine upper- or lower-surface; larva a maggot => 6 5a mine begins as…

genus Inula host plant genus

…Agromyzidae Phytomyza kyffhusana leaf miner Anthomyiidae Phorbia incana leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inulae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora jerusalemella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora leucogrammella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora solidaginella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella leaf miner…

genus Carduus host plant genus

…leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Sphaeroderma testaceum leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora paripennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora peribenanderi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix arenella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix carduella…

genus Chrysanthemum host plant genus

…leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix cristatella leaf miner doubtful Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix latviaella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix nigricomella leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Mantura chrysanthemi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora caelebipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella leaf miner Curculionidae…

Inula conyzae host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza conyzae leaf miner Anthomyiidae Phorbia incana leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inulae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora leucogrammella leaf miner Crambidae Atralata albofascialis leaf miner Glyphipterigidae Digitivalva granitella leaf…

genus Pulicaria host plant genus

…leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus salicinae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Acodiplosis pulicariae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza conyzae leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inulae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora praecursella leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudorchestes persimilis…

Matricaria host plants

Matricaria wild chamomille, pineapple weed, rayless mayweed Incl. Anthemis, Cota, Tripleurospermum (For a dichotomous table for galls on Matricaria by Hans Roskam click here) (For a dichotomous table for galls on Anthemis by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine: Coleophora follicularis 1b corridor and or…

Eupatorium cannabinum host plant species

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza eupatorii leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inulae leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara macrotricha leaf miner Tephritidae Stemonocera cornuta leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta artemisiae leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta zoe leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae…

genus Cirsium host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza heterophylli leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza spinaciae leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Phytomyza spoliata leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya steini leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya terebrans leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora paripennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora

genus Eupatorium host plant genus

Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inulae leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara macrotricha leaf miner Tephritidae Stemonocera cornuta leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta artemisiae leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta zoe leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis frangulae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Anthocoptes eupatorii stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis stem…

Pulicaria dysenterica host plant species

…gall Tephritidae Myopites apicatus leaf down Capnodiales Ramularia cupulariae leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces inulae leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera erigerontis-canadensis leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus salicinae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza conyzae leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conyzae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf…

Leucanthemum vulgare host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza leucanthemi leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tanaceti leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix argentisignella leaf miner doubtful Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix latviaella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix nigricomella leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Mantura chrysanthemi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora

Cirsium arvense host plant species

…miner Chrysomelidae Sphaeroderma testaceum leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora paripennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora peribenanderi leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix arenella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix carduella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix propinquella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix subpropinquella leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa acuminatella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata leaf…

Achillea collina host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Aphalaridae Craspedolepta bulgarica leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces macrocarpus leaf gall Psyllidae Craspedolepta nervosa leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix cristatella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ptarmicia leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia millefolii leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella usquertensis…

genus Matricaria host plant genus

…matricariae leaf gall doubtful Triozidae Trioza abdominalis leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza centaureae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza ptarmicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pullula leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix cristatella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa montanella leaf miner Tephritidae…

Inula britannica host plant species

…leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia inulicola leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza conyzae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza kyffhusana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Glyphipterigidae Digitivalva valeriella leaf pustule Albuginales Pustula obtusata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Coleosporium inulae stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis stem gall Cecidomyiidae Acodiplosis inulae root collar gall…

Achillea clavennae host plant species

…Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia millefolii leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza achilleae leaf gall Anguinidae Subanguina millefolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tanaceti leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix clavenae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa proclivella leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia millefolii leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella usquertensis…

Inula helenium host plant species

…borer Tephritidae Tephritis valida leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces inulae leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lappae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza conyzae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza kyffhusana leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Glyphipterigidae Digitivalva granitella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium inulae-helenii…

Achillea erba-rotta subsp. moschata host plant species

synonym: Achillea moschata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite root collar borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha ligulana flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria achilleae leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces macrocarpus leaf gall Anguinidae Subanguina millefolii leaf gall Triozidae Trioza abdominalis leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tanaceti leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis