Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Coleophora violacea parasite

Coleophora violacea (Strömberg, 1783) violet case-bearer Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, Liège, Terril Batterie Nouveau © Jean-Yves Baugnée Prunus spinosa, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Resteigne; © Jean-Yves Baugnée case Brownish lobe case that lies almost flat on the leaf, either at the upper or at the lower side. Case widest about the middle….

Coleophora potentillae parasite

…are quite agile, and can easily stray, possibly temporarily, onto a wrong host plant. Also confusion with Coleophora violacea cannot be excluded. phenology Most larvae are full-grown in autumn (Emmet ao, 1996a). BENELUX BE recorded (Coenen ao, 1984a; Phegea, 2009). NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009). LUX…

Coleophora ahenella parasite

…betulus; Corylus avellana; Geum rivale; Potentilla; Prunus cerasus; Rubus plicatus; Tilia cordata & platyphyllos almost certainly are due to confusion with Coleophora potentillae or C. violacea. phenology Full grown cases already in autumn. In Britain the larva lives two years; if this also applies to the Continent is not known…

Coleophora paripennella parasite

Coleophora paripennella Zeller, 1839 dark thistle case-bearer from Toll (1962a) Centaurea scabiosa, Belgium, prov. Liège, Baelen: active larva at the underside of the leaf; © Jean-Yves Baugnée detail case in lateral view case The full grown larva lives in a blackish brown trivalved tubular silken case of about 8 mm….

Coleophora violacea larva parasite

Ulmus minor, Duin en Kruidberg thorax, anal plate prolegs and (right) a strange strucrure on the prosternum…

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a corridor…

Carpinus host plants

Coleophora violacea 15a the ringlets that are used to enlarge the case are cut from the upper epidermis of the lea: Coleophora violacea 15b these rings are cut from the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella 16a extension of the case by way of narrow rings appended to the mouth; case strongly…

Crataegus host plants

…Stigmella regiella 29a pistol case: Coleophora anatipenella 29b lobe case: Coleophora violacea 29c tubular silken case: Coleophora trigeminella 29d composite leaf case => 30 29e tubular leaf case => 31 30a rear end of the case crooked, like the handle of a walking stick: Coleophora hemerobiella 30b rear end at…

Corylus host plants

…angle 60-80°: Coleophora fuscocuprella 15b case straight; mouth angle 0°: Coleophora violacea 16a extension of the case by addition of small rings to the mouth margin; case strongly curved: Coleophora serratella (youth case) 16b extension of the case by means of pieces of plant cuticula => 17 17a old and…

Alnus host plants

…remarkably precisely fit to each other: Coleophora orbitella 33b these leaf fragments untidily connected: Coleophora binderella 34a case strongy bent; behind the mouth a number of rings: Coleophora fuscocuprella 34b case not bent, or only a little near its end; no rings behind the mouth: C. violacea 34c in the…

Sorbus host plants

…21a pistol case: Coleophora anatipenella 21b lobe case: Coleophora violacea 21c tubular silken case: Coleophora trigeminella 21d composite leaf case => 22 21e tubular leaf case => 23 22a rear end of the case crooked like the handle of a walking stick: Coleophora hemerobiella 21b rear end at most at…

Malus host plants

…appendages: Coleophora currucipennella 29b no such appendages: Coleophora anatipenella 30a the leaf disks used to enlarge the case are cut out of the upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea 30b .. out of the lower epidermis: Coleophora potentillae 31a case decorated with large flaps: Coleophora siccifolia 31b case simple => 32 32a…

Prunus host plants

…epidermmis; case brown: Coleophora violacea 29b lobes cut from the lower epidermis; case generally whitish: Coleophora potentillae 30a case > 8 mm: Coleophora hemerobiella 30b case smaller: juvenile cases of Coleophora hemerobiella, and C. coracipennella, prunifoliae, spinella Not included in the key: Bucculatrix bechsteinella; Callisto insperatella; Coleophora adjectella, ahenella, currucipennella,…

Ulmus host plants

…between two veins; pupa light brown in a brown cocoon: Phyllonorycter tristrigella 16a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 16b composite leaf case: Coleophora serratella (youth case) 16c tubular leaf case: Coleophora serratella (final case) 16d spatulate leaf case => 17 17a case of full grown larva 9-11.5 mm: Coleophora limosipennella 17b…

genus Betula host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora betulella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora cornutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner…

Myrica host plants

…milvipennis 9b composite leaf case: Coleophora lusciniaepennella 9c tubular leaf case: 10 9d lobe case => 11 10a case large and untidy: Coleophora serratella 11a case more or less straigt, not conspicuously narrowed towards the rear end: Coleophora violacea 11b case strongly curved, strongly tapering towards the end: Coleophora cornutella…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora adjectella leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella…

Pyrus host plants

…18b gallery starts rather wide, not strongly contorted; larva yellow: Stigmella irregularis 19a pistol case: Coleophora anatipenella 19b lobe case: Coleophora violacea 19c leaf case => 20 20a case > 7 mm: Coleophora hemerobiella 20b case < 7 mm: Coleophora spinella Not included in the key: Coleophora currucipennella, kroneella; Lyonetia…

Cydonia host plants

…breeding) => 4 4a species common in NW Europe => 5 4b rare in NW Europe or more southern species: Phyllonorycter hostis, Ph. mespilella 5a pupa greyish brown: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa reddish brown: Phyllonorycter sorbi 6a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 6b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm)…

Mespilus host plants

…walking stick: Coleophora hemerobiella 5b rear end at most at right angle with the case itself: Coleophora spinella or C. serratella 6a case 8-11 mm; mouth angle 90°: Coleophora hemerobiella 6b case 6-7 mm, mouth angle 60°: Coleophora spinella of C. serratella 7a tiny drop- or pear-shaped blotch with very…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora chiclanensis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Agromyzidae Phytomyza heringiana leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora kroneella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora

genus Atriplex host plant genus

…doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora clypeiferella fruit vagrant main Coleophoridae Coleophora adspersella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora mediterranea fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora gaviaepennella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora saxicolella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora guadicensis fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora vestianella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora afrosarda systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria heimi…

Corylus avellana host plant species

…leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora badiipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner main Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae…

Carpinus betulus host plant species

…miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia…

genus Corylus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner main Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges stigma leaf miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella leaf…

genus Alnus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora alnifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner…

genus Carpinus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix carpinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter endryella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner…

Filipendula host plants

Coleophora violacea 10b case usually whitish; mouth angle 30°-50°: Coleophora potentillae 11a case pale: Coleophora albicostella 11b case rust-coloured or blackish: Coleophora spiraeella 12a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the setae themselves are black) : Cnephasia incertana 12b pinacula black: Cnephasia stephensiana Not included in the key: Stigmella poterii….

Ostrya host plants

…sides a single row of relatively strong spines: Phyllonorycter esperella 8b these spines weaker, in a partly double row: Phyllonorycter coryli 9a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 9b composite leaf case; case strongly curved: Coleophora serratella (jeugdzak) 9c tubular leaf case: Coleophora serratella (volgroeide zak) 9d spathulate leaf case: Coleophora milvipennis…

Castanea host plants

…runs parallel to, or away from, the midrib; larva with a pale brown head; usually in green leaves: Ectoedemia albifasciella 15a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 15b tubular leaf case: Coleophora lutipennella 15c pistol case: Coleophora anatipenella Not included in the key: Acrocercops brongniardella; Caloptilia alchimiella, robustella; Coleophora flavipennella; Povolnya leucapennella….

Fragaria host plants

…9a case brown; lobes are cut from the upper epidermis; mouth angle 0°-10°: Coleophora violacea 9b case whitish; lobes are cut from the lower epidermis; mouth angle 20°-30°: Coleophora potentillae 10a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the setae themselves are black) : Cnephasia incertana 10b pinacula black => 11…

Tilia host plants

…7 7a mine at the leaf margin (generally in the tip of the leaf): Roeslerstammia erxlebella 7b hooklike mine in a vein axil: Bucculatrix thoracella 8a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 8b tubular leaf case: Coleophora siccifolia 8c pistol case: Coleophora anatipenella Not included in the key: Bucculatrix albedinella; Coleophora ahenella….

Rubus host plants

…Rubus idaeus: Metallus albipes 10a larva feeds at the upperside of the leaf: Coleophora violacea 10b larva feeds at the underside => 11 11a on Rubus chamaemorus: Coleophora potentillae Not included in the key: Cnephasia asseclana; Coleophora ahenella, gryphipennella, plumbella; Coptotriche longiciliatella; Incurvaria oehlmanniella; Spialia sertorius; Stigmella auromarginella, pretiosa; Tinagma…

Potentilla host plants

…circle => 16 16a spatulate leaf case: Coleophora albicostella 16b lobe case => 17 17a case brown; lobes of the case cut out of the upper epidermis; mouth angle 0°-10°: Coleophora violacea 17b case whitish; lobes cut out of the lower epidermis; mouth angle 20°-30°: Coleophora potentillae Not included in…

Prunus spinosa host plant species

…doubtful Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes eupadi leaf gall main Psyllidae Cacopsylla pruni leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora adjectella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella…

Betula pendula host plant species

…betulae leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina carnea leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza alnibetulae leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix demaryella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora betulella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora binderella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscocuprella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora orbitella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus…

Ribes host plants

…2b lobe case => 3 3a mine, next to the openings that are typical for fleck mines, also with much larger openings in the upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea 3b such large openings present as well, but in the lower epidermis: Coleophora potentillae 4a tentiform mine: Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella 4b no tentiform…

Rosa host plants

…in a narrow, black, central line, leaving clear margins at either side: Stigmella centifoliella 6a spatulate or tubular leaf case: Coleophora gryphipennella 6b lobe case => 7 7a case brown; mouth angle 0°-10°: Coleophora violacea 7b case mostly whitish; mouth angle 30°-50°: Coleophora potentillae Not included in the key: Ectoedemia…

Cornus host plants

…the case, are cut out of the upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea 7b … out of the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella It is surprising that among the miners of dogwood four species belong to two, closely related families characterised by making a blotch, ending with an excision. This is discussed in…

Sanguisorba host plants

…hole neatly round => 7 7a tubular leaf case: Coleophora albicostella 7b lobe case => 8 8a living on the leave’s upper surface: Coleophora violacea 8b on the lower surface: Coleophora potentillae Not included in the key: Coptotriche szoecsi, tantalella; Habroloma triangulare; Stigmella centifoliella, muricatella, rolandi, sanguisorbae; Trachys lichtensteini, scrobiculatus….

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…Psyllidae Cacopsylla pyricola leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla pyrisuga leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina bullata leaf miner rarely Agromyzidae Phytomyza heringiana leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner main Coleophoridae Coleophora kroneella…

Pyrus communis host plant species

…heringiana leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner main Coleophoridae Coleophora kroneella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae…

genus Myrica host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora cornutella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lusciniaepennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus pulicarius leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes jota leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia stigmatella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia ledi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella salicis…

Geum host plants

…live free between spun laeves => 7 1f galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a case, seen from the side, paunchy, widest in the middle; the leaf fragments used to enlarge the case are mostly cut from the upper epidermis of the leaf: Coleophora violacea 2b case…

Rhamnus host plants

…blotch => 3 1d galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a the lobes used to enlarge the case are cut out of the upper epidermis of the leaf: Coleophora violacea 2b these lobes cut out of the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella 3a on Rh. glandulosa; ribbon-like blotch;…

Agrimonia host plants

…11a corridor unusually short: Stigmella auromarginella 11b corridor of normal length: Stigmella aurella; possibly also Stigmella thuringiaca 12a case brown; lobes cut from the upper epidermis; mouth angle 0-10°: Coleophora violacea 12b case whitish; lobes cout from the lower epidermis; mouth angle 20-30°: Coleophora potentillae ** See also Ectoedemia rubivora….

Viburnum host plants

…mine: Gracilaria syringella 1cfleck mine (lobe case) => 2 1d galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a the excised rings of the case cut out the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella 2brings are cut out of the upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea Not included in the key: Acleris schalleriana….

Symphoricarpos host plants

…build up the case are cut out of the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella 2b cur out of the upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea 3a puparium outside the mine; mine never stellate, never with a lower-surface part => 4 3b puparium in the mine; mine often stellate, always with a lower-surface part…

Lonicera host plants

…used to enlarge the case are cut from the leave’s upper epidermis: Coleophora violacea 2b the lobes are cut from the lower epidermis: Coleophora ahenella 3a elongated blotch on top of the midrib; at either side a large number of lateral corridors emerge: Chromatomyia alpigenae 3b mine different, not associated…

genus Cydonia host plant genus

Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely…

Mespilus germanica host plant species

…Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner…

genus Mespilus host plant genus

…Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

genus Potentilla host plant genus

…Buprestidae Trachys fragariae leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albicostella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora sergiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner doubtful Douglasiidae Tinagma perdicella leaf miner Gelechiidae Sophronia humerella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella…

genus Rubus host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora plumbella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner doubtful Douglasiidae Tinagma perdicella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

genus Fragaria host plant genus

…gall Phytoptidae Fragariocoptes setiger leaf gall Tarsonemidae Phytonemus pallidus leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys fragariae leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora albicostella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora flavipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea

Fragaria vesca host plant species

…flavipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner doubtful Douglasiidae Tinagma perdicella leaf miner main Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia arcuatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner…

genus Castanea host plant genus

…roboris leaf gall rarely Cecidomyiidae Mikiola cristata leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora flavipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lutipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Eriocraniidae Dyseriocrania subpurpurella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia robustella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

genus Tilia host plant genus

…gall Phytoptidae Phytoptus tetratrichus leaf miner rarely Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix albedinella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix thoracella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter issikii leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter…

Cydonia oblonga host plant species

…Taphrinales Taphrina bullata leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner…

genus Ulmus host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora badiipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora limosipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes quedenfeldtii leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes alni leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes betuleti leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter acaciella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter agilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter schreberella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter tristrigella leaf…

Castanea sativa host plant species

…down rarely Erysiphales Erysiphe alphitoides leaf gall rarely Cecidomyiidae Mikiola cristata leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora flavipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lutipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Eriocraniidae Dyseriocrania subpurpurella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia…

Lythrum host plants

…the mine neatly rond; larva in a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 2b hole not precisely round; larva in a helicoidal case: Apterona paludella 3a mine full depth, with conspicuous folds; older larva lives free in a leaf roll: Calybites phasianipennella 3b mine lower-surface, without folds; larva remains in the mine…

Staphylea host plants

Staphylea bladder-nut Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine: Coleophora violacea 1b contorted corridor, starting at a black, shining, globular egg shell, and ending in a blotch: Ectoedemia atricollis 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species The occurrence of Caloptilia fribergensis and Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae on bladder-nut is…

Humulus host plants

Humulus hop (For a dichotomous table for galls on Humulus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine; larva mines from a case: Coleophora violacea 1b corridor or blotch; larva mines from the inside => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species…

genus Filipendula host plant genus

…gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura harrisoni leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura pustulans leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura ulmaria leaf gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus filipendulae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza filipendulae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spiraeella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf…

genus Cornus host plant genus

…spring generation Aphididae Anoecia vagans leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis salicariae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Craneiobia corni leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes depressus leaf gall Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus spinosus leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza agromyzina leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora anatipenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner main…

genus Ribes host plant genus

…leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Hyperomyzus picridis leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Hyperomyzus rhinanthi leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tetensi leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria scaber leaf gall Eriophyidae Colomerus riberini leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora

genus Rosa host plant genus

…Callyntrotus granulatus leaf gall Eriophyidae Paraphytoptus rosae leaf gall Tenthredinidae Blennocampa phyllocolpa leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Filipendula ulmaria host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spiraeella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella filipendulae leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella nigrita leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium ulmariae leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Triphragmium ulmariae leaf pustule Urocystidales…

genus Medicago host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscociliella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hospitiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella…

Atriplex halimus host plant species

…Diaspididae Hemiberlesia laciniata fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora luciennella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora bazae stem gall Coleophoridae Coleophora serinipennella fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora gaviaepennella flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria heimi leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula cylindrospora leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora minor leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria brevipes leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora picardella leaf miner…

genus Sanguisorba host plant genus

…leaf miner doubtful Buprestidae Trachys scrobiculatus leaf miner Buprestidae Habroloma triangulare leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella muricatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rolandi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

genus Lonicera host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia isicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nervi leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhynchaenus xylostei leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella…

genus Rhamnus host plant genus

…Bucculatrix alaternella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix frangutella leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix rhamniella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Gelechiidae Microlechia rhamnifoliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites quadrisignella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alaternella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella catharticella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

genus Symphoricarpos host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza flavoscutellata leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner rarely Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes…

genus Viburnum host plant genus

…Aphis fabae leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae mordvilkoi leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Ceruraphis eriophori leaf gall Aphididae Aphis lantanae leaf gall Aphididae Aphis viburni leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Sackenomyia reaumurii leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes viburni leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Symphoricarpos albus host plant species

…Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner rarely Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes brownei leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae…

genus Agrimonia host plant genus

Coleophora violacea leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia agrimoniae leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Ectoedemia arcuatella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella nigrita leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche heinemanni leaf pustule…

Rhamnus cathartica host plant species

…rhamniella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites quadrisignella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella catharticella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rhamnella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis mammulata leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Pentamerus septemcarinatus leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf…

genus Onobrychis host plant genus

…Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ruegeriae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Bremiola onobrychidis leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus longifilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza cicerina leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora onobrychiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ravillella leaf miner…

genus Carduus host plant genus

…leaf miner Choreutidae Tebenna micalis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Sphaeroderma testaceum leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora paripennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora peribenanderi leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix arenella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix carduella…

Onobrychis viciifolia host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora onobrychiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ravillella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera onobrychidella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces onobrychidis stem gall Apionidae Hemitrichapion reflexum stem gall Cynipidae Aylax onobrychidis root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae leaf vagrant…

genus Salvia host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albitarsella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onopordiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora salviella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora virgatella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Ramphis libanoticus leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella cognatella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella extremella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella grandiferella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella karadaghella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella klimeschi…

genus Phlomis host plant genus

…Longitarsus seticollis root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus lycopi unknown unknown larva Curculionidae Labiaticola atricolor leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus wunni root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia ramburi root borer Sesiidae Chamaesphecia oxybeliformis leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia rugulosa leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia depressiuscula leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora inusitatella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conspersa flower borer…

genus Humulus host plant genus

…gall summer generation Aphididae Phorodon humuli leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza anthracina leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza flaviceps leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza igniceps leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix zieglerella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia fidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf vagrant rarely Choreutidae Anthophila fabriciana stem borer…

Staphylea pinnata host plant species

bladdernut organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis…

Humulus lupulus host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Agromyza igniceps leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix zieglerella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia fidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf vagrant rarely Choreutidae Anthophila fabriciana stem borer Crambidae Ostrinia nubilalis root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera humuli leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus…

genus Lythrum host plant genus

…gall Eriophyidae Aceria jovanovici leaf miner Chrysomelidae Galerucella pusilla leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Gracillariidae Calybites phasianipennella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona paludella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia lythri leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus lythri stem gall Nanophyidae Dieckmanniellus gracilis…

genus Staphylea host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis unknown vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus…

genus Echium host plant genus

…abiens leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza medicaginis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora tauricella leaf miner Crambidae Cynaeda dentalis leaf miner Crambidae Epascestria pustulalis leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema lerauti leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica imperialella leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica scalariella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona…

genus Scabiosa host plant genus

…miner doubtful Zygaenidae Jordanita notata stem borer doubtful Noctuidae Oria musculosa leaf miner doubtful Zygaenidae Jordanita subsolana flower vagrant Noctuidae Omphalophana serrata flower vagrant Noctuidae Omphalophana antirrhinii leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ceramica pisi stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia violacea root borer Cerambycidae Vadonia bipunctata root borer Cerambycidae Vadonia unipunctata root borer Cerambycidae…

genus Melilotus host plant genus

…cardui leaf vagrant Noctuidae Chersotis rectangula stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia violacea root collar borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus floralis stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia suturalis leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia suasa leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia aliena leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera buhri stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthiola leucaspis leaf vagrant Noctuidae…

Melilotus officinalis host plant species

…carduellus leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira elongata leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia violacea leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera buhri stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthiola leucaspis leaf vagrant Erebidae Euclidia mi leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus flower vagrant Lycaenidae Glaucopsyche…