Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia occultella parasite

Ectoedemia occultella (Linnaeus, 1767) large birch pigmy Betula pendula, Susteren Betula, Vogelenzang; egg Betula pendula, Denmark © Simon Haarder opened mine with larva mine Egg usually at the underside of the leaf. The mine is a roundish, often almost circular, primary, upper-surface blotch without a trace of an initial corridor; often several mines in leaf. […]

Ectoedemia occultella larva parasite

Ectoedemia occultella Betula pubescens, Haamstede, Zeepeduinen: dorsal head and pronotum, abdomen end ventral Young larvae with 12 black ventral plates (van Nieukerken, 1985a). See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a description of the larva. 7.xii.2009

Pnigalio agraules parasite

Pnigalio agraules (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid in mines of Cameraria ohridella; Coptotriche angusticollella; ? Ectoedemia occultella; Euura proxima; Fenusa ulmi; Heterarthrus aceris; Neuroterus numismalis; Orchestes alni, fagi, ? quercus, ? rusci; Phyllonorycter corylifoliella, issikii; Prays oleae; Tischeria dodonaea, ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Olea europaea; Quercus petraea; Rosa canina; Salix; Tilia cordata; Ulmus pumila. […]

Cirrospilus vittatus parasite

Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid on Agromyza albitarsis, demeijerei; Anoplonyx destructor; Calycomyza humeralis; Chromatomyia horticola; Ectoedemia occultella; Leucoptera laburnella; Liriomyza; Mompha raschkiella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter quercifoliella, salicicolella; Phytomyza cytisi; Pristiphora laricis; Trifurcula eurema. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Cistus monspeliensis; Crataegus monogyna; Lotus cytisoides; Malus domestica; Populus; Quercus cerris. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references […]

Betula humilis host plant species

synonym: Betula kamtschatica, oycowiensis Besser, socolowii organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella maculiformis predator Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia uredinis leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma leaf vagrant doubtful Lasiocampidae Eriogaster arbusculae leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa quercus leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica aenescens leaf vagrant Argidae Arge dimidiata […]

Salix pentandra host plant species

bay willow organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora forsiusi unknown unknown Tenthredinidae Euura frenalis fruit borer Anthomyiidae Egle inermis leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia saliciperda leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia jaczevskii leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia rosea Miridae Orthotylus virens stem borer Cerambycidae Oberea oculata leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis […]

Betula pubescens host plant species

downy birch synonym: Betula alba, borysthenica, carpatica, celtiberica, concinna, coriacea, lenta, murithii, odorata, populifolia, pubescens subsp. carpatica + czerepanovii + odorata + tortuosa, tortuosa organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower hidden Thripidae Ceratothrips ericae leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus leaf vagrant Thripidae Drepanothrips reuteri leaf leaf spot anamorph Gnomoniaceae Gnomonia intermedia leaf […]

Betula pendula host plant species

silver birch synonym: Betula aetnensis, glutinosa Wallroth, oycowiensis Rchb., verrucosa organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Steingeliidae Steingelia gorodetskia leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Thrips alni stem borer Cerambycidae Anoplophora chinensis stem borer Curculionidae Xyleborinus attenuatus leaf vagrant main Thripidae Mycterothrips consociatus leaf predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips kurdjumovi leaf leaf spot anamorph Gnomoniaceae […]

Betula obscura host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti

Betula nana host plant species

dwarf birch organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia lapponica leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia glacialis leaf leaf spot Venturiaceae Venturia ditricha leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps juniperi leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps salicicola leaf vagrant Miridae Psallus graminicola leaf hidden younger […]

Betula grossa host plant species

synonym: Betula ulmifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella

Betula ermanii host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti

genus Salix host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite root scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus cingulatus stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus ater stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora forsiusi leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Filatima ukrainica root vagrant larva Curculionidae Chlorophanus graminicola leaf hidden Choreutidae Choreutis diana leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Labidostomis […]

genus Betula host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Steingeliidae Steingelia gorodetskia leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Simo hirticornis root vagrant Curculionidae Peritelus sphaeroides Curculionidae Phyllobius oblongus seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara communis flower hidden Thripidae Ceratothrips ericae leaf predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips kurdjumovi leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melaleucus flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus leaf predator Aeolothripidae […]

Salix host plants

Salix sallow, willow (For a dichotomous table for galls on Salix by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends upon a circular excision: Tachyerges decoratus 1b tentifrom mine => 2 1c upper- or lower-surface blotch => 8 1d full depth blotch => 16 1e corridor => 25 1f full depth corridor […]

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a corridor => 23 1d corridor from […]

Pnigalio soemius parasite

Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 839) parasite Ectoparasitoid of Agromyza albitarsis, nana; Chirosia ? grossicauda; Chromatomyia horticola, milii; Ectodedemia occultella. Euura proxima; Kessleria saxifragae; Lema cyanella; Leucoptera laburnella, lotella; Perittia herrichiella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, “pomonella”, roboris, schreberella; Rhopalomyia ptarmicae; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Citrus sinensis; Doronicum hungaricum; Lonicera; Populus; Quercus petraea; Salix; Trifolium; Ulmus minor. […]

October, 2016 news

New species for the fauna of Belgium Microbotryum flosculorum; Neovossia moliniae; Xestophanes brevitarsis. New pictures Aceria macrorhyncha, marginemvolvens, pontica, pseudoplatani, pyracanthi, salviae; Acodiplosis inulae; Agromyza albitarsis, anthracina; Amauromyza morionella; Ampelomyces quisqualis; Andricus foecundatrix, grossulariae; Asphondylia echii, miki; Caloptilia stigmatella; Cheilosia semifasciata; Chromatomyia primulae; Clinodiplosis cilicrus; Coleophora badiipennella; Contarinia dipsacearum, lathyri; Dasineura aceris, geranii, lathyricola, leguminicola, […]