Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia rubivora parasite

Ectoedemia rubivora (Wocke, 1860) dewberry pigmy Rubus fruticosus, Duin en Kruidberg detail Rubus spec, Schiermonnikoog: leaf with several young mines © Dik Vonk mine Egg at the underside of the leaf. The mine is a highly contorted gallery, strongly widening towards the end. Frass in the second half of the gallery dispersed. The larve mines […]

Ectoedemia rubivora larva parasite

Rubus fruticosus, Cadzand: larva, ventral; the brown ovals are nodes (“ganglia”) of the ventral nerve chord See Gustafsson & van Nieukerken (1990a) for a description of the larva. Young larvae with a chain of dark brown ventral plates and similar but smaller dorsal plates.

genus Rubus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus faunus stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus niger leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora citricola root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum stem kanker Sydowiellaceae Breviappendix rubi stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina stem kanker […]

Rubus arcticus host plant species

arctic bramble organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius brullei leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria silvicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf pustule Pucciniales Arthuriomyces peckianus leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium arcticum flower vagrant […]

Rubus caesius host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Neoramularia rubi root vagrant Curculionidae Sciaphobus rubi leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Eusomus ovulum leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Pseudomyllocerus sinuatus leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes leaf vagrant Noctuidae Paradiarsia punicea leaf vagrant Noctuidae Graphiphora augur leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia nebulosa leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia gracilis […]

Rubus chamaemorus host plant species

cloudberry organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa ewaldi leaf hidden older larva Hesperiidae Pyrgus centaureae leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Eriogaster arbusculae leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Brenthis ino leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes viduella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora thulea leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arboridia parvula leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galerucella […]

Rubus fruticosus host plant species

bramble organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus niger leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria flower gall Urocystidaceae Paepalopsis deformans leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora rubi fruit borer Byturidae Byturus tomentosus predator Pentatomidae Picromerus bidens leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus fulvomaculatus leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus marginalis flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus predator […]

Rubus saxatilis host plant species

stone bramble organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola helvola leaf hidden Hesperiidae Pyrgus malvae leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius brullei leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Monochetus saxatilis leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae leaf miner rarely Tenthredinidae Metallus albipes leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora rubi leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf leaf spot Venturiales […]

Rubus host plants

Rubus bramble (For a dichotomous table for galls on Rubus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a more or less widened corridor => 2 1b small blotch with a violin-shaped excision of ca. 2 mm: Incurvaria praelatella 1c opaque blotch with finely wrinkled epidermis; mine without frass => 8 1d transparant blotch […]

Agrimonia host plants

Agrimonia agrimony Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a small blotch with an excision of 2 mm: Incurvaria praelatella 1b blotch mine, without an excision; if there is a preceding corridor it is broad, and not longer than the blotch => 2 1c corridor, often strongly widenend in the end => 6 1d fleck mine; larva in […]

Rubus idaeus host plant species

raspberry organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus niger leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Sphaerulina tirolenis flower gall Urocystidaceae Paepalopsis deformans leaf leaf spot Neoramularia rubi fruit borer Byturidae Byturus tomentosus stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina leaf vagrant Miridae Lygocoris pabulinus leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus […]

genus Filipendula host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis ovalis stem borer Cephidae Phylloecus xanthostoma leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora laxipes leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta filipendulina leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria ulmariae leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia ulmariae leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus inclusus leaf vagrant Miridae Apolygus spinolae leaf vagrant Miridae […]