Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia atricollis parasite

Ectoedemia atricollis (Stainton, 1857) pinch-barred pigmy on woody Rosaceae Crataegus monogyna, Belgium, prov. Namur, Boneffe, 4.x.2018 © Jean-Yves Baugnée (along the leaf margin also an unfinished mine of Stigmella regiella) Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Liege, Ben-Ahin 25.ix.2018 © Stéphane Claerebout mine, upper side; note the exit slit mine, underside mine…

Ectoedemia atricollis larva parasite

Ectoedemia atricollis Crataegus monogyna, Nieuwendam. The venter-upwards position of the larva is obvious because the ventral ganglia are recognisable as a string of dark spots. Prunus avium, Belgium, prov. Liège, Liège, Coteaux de la Citadelle: young larva, still bearing black ventral plates; © Jean-Yves Baugnée The larva is greenish white…

Crataegus host plants

…24b mine begins in the leaf blade => 26 25a frass in the entire mine brown-black or black; larva whitish: Ectoedemia atricollis 25b frass red-brown in the initial corridor, black in the secondary blotch; larva yellow: Stigmella regiella 26a initial corrior wholly or largely free from the leaf margin, with…

Prunus host plants

…25b corridor not contorted; larva yellow or green => 27 26a mine quite small; corridor very strongly contorted; on Prunus spinosa & domestica: Ectoedemia spinosella 26b mine not exceptionally small; corridor somewhat contorted; on Prunus avium & mahaleb: Ectoedemia atricollis 27a mines ends in a primary blotch; mainly on Prunus…

Bohemannia pulverosella parasite

…the initial corridor. The frass is brown; it almost fills the initial corridor; in the blotch it is concentrated in its first section. Pupation external; exit slit invariably in the lower epidermis (In Ectoedemia atricollis, of which the mine bears some resemblance to the one of pulverosella the exit slit…

ventral plates

Mostly brown plates at the ventral side (rarely also at the dorsal side) in some larvae of the genus Ectoedemia; they only occur in the youngest stages. young larva of Ectoedemia atricollis in its mine….

Staphylea host plants

Staphylea bladder-nut Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a fleck mine: Coleophora violacea 1b contorted corridor, starting at a black, shining, globular egg shell, and ending in a blotch: Ectoedemia atricollis 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species The occurrence of Caloptilia fribergensis and Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae on bladder-nut is…

Sorbus host plants

…24a case 8-11 mm, mouth angle 90°: Coleophora hemerobiella 24b case 6-7 mm, mouth angle 60°: Coleophora spinella Not included in the key: Bucculatrix thoracella; Callisto pfaffenzelleri; Coleophora coracipennella, currucipennella, kroneella, prunifoliae, serratella; Ectoedemia atricollis; Lyonetia prunifoliella; Parornix anguliferella; Phyllonorycter blancardella, deschkai, hostis, oxyacanthae, cerisolella; Stigmella hahniella, hybnerella, mespilicola, torminalis….

Pyrus host plants

…Lyonetia clerkella 16b corridor shorter, may be devoid of frass; larva chamber indistinct => 17 17a corridor narrow, branched, without frass: Recurvaria nanella 17b corridor relatively broad, hook-like, in a vein axil, containing much frass: Bucculatrix bechsteinella 18a initial gallery quite narrow and strongly contorted; larva greenish white: Ectoedemia atricollis

Mespilus host plants

…the begin; blotch practically without frass; corridor not following the leaf margin: Lyonetia prunifoliella 18a initial corridor always following the leaf margin; frass here warm brown: Stigmella regiella 18b initial corridor often free from the leaf margin and in that case strongly contorted; frass in the corridor black: Ectoedemia atricollis

Malus host plants

…mine through a lower-surface exit slit, June-July: Bohemannia pulverosella 27b frass in the blotch distributed over its entire length; exit slit upper-surface; August-October: Ectoedemia atricollis 28a tubular silken case: Coleophora trigeminella 28b pistol case => 29 28c lobe case => 30 28d leaf case => 31 29a “handle” with earlike…

Stigmella hybnerella parasite

…to distinguish the species from Ectoedemia atricollis, which mine sometimes resembles the one of hybnerella. synonyms Nepticula hybnerella; Stigmella ignobilella (Stainton, 1849). Steuer (1995a) gives a picture of the mine, but incorrectly calls it S. perpygmaeella, while what he shows as hybnerella in reality is S. regiella. references Ahr (1966a),…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner main Nepticulidae Ectoedemia spinosella leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche gaunacella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf miner main Yponomeutidae Argyresthia…

Prunus cerasifera host plant species

…petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia spinosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

Prunus domestica subsp. insititia host plant species

…oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

Prunus avium host plant species

…Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella prunetorum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Leucotelium cerasi leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum areolatum leaf pustule…

Prunus mahaleb host plant species

…finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner main Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum areolatum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia…

genus Staphylea host plant genus

…Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta staphyleae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria staphyleae leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta staphyleicola leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis unknown vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae tulipaellus…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyri leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pyrivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stettinensis leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora abbreviata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales…

Crataegus laevigata host plant species

…Curculionidae Rhamphus subaeneus leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paradoxa leaf miner…

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

…Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

genus Mespilus host plant genus

…Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella regiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae stem scale Diaspididae Epidiaspis leperii stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus…

genus Malus host plant genus

…leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia crataegella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae leaf vagrant spring generation main Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant spring…

Malus domestica host plant species

…Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella malella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta malinellus leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Mespilus germanica host plant species

…leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

…Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae…

Pyrus communis host plant species

…Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner…

September, 2018 news

new miner for the Benelux Cosmopterix orichalcea new pictures Aceria hippophaena, vitalbae; Adelges tardus; Aphis craccivora; Aproceros leucopoda; Argyresthia glabratella; Ascochyta caulina; Aulacidea hieracii; Aulagromyza similis; Carulaspis juniperi; Chromatomyia ramosa, soldanellae; Clinodiplosis cilicrus; Coleosporium tussilaginis; Commophila aeneana; Cosmopterix pulchrimella; Cryptomyzus galeopsidis; Dasineura berberidis, epilobii, phyteumatis; Diastrophus mayri; Dothidella ulmi; Ectoedemia

September, 2017 news

…cilicrus; Contarinia coryli, loti; Dothidella ulmi; Ectoedemia atricollis; Erysiphe divaricata, tortilis; Eudarluca caricis; Euura weiffenbachiella; Frommeëlla mexicana; Hemichroa crocea; Hybolasioptera fasciata; Kuehneola uredinis; Leucoptera malifoliella; Liriomyza pisivora; Macrolabis pilosellae; Mayetiola agrostidis, bromicola, culacera; Melampsora laricis-populina; Melampsorella symphyti; Mikiola fagi; Ophelimus maskelli; Paraconiothyrium tiliae; Parallelodiplosis galliperda; Phyllobrostis fregenella; Phyllonorycter sorbi; Pseudomicrostroma…

October, 2018 news

new pictures Aceria kuko, leioprocta; Adscita statices; Aequsomatus annulatus; Calycomyza humeralis; Cheilosia caerulescens; Coccus hesperidum; Cosmopterix orichalcea; Contarinia pseudotsugae; Ectoedemia atricollis; Neuroterus quercusbaccarum; Phyllosticta sphaeropsoidea; Ramularia bistortae; Taphrina crataegi….

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…torminalis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia semifusca leaf miner Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia nebulella leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Pristiphora geniculata leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium torminali-juniperini leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales…

Staphylea pinnata host plant species

bladdernut organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta staphyleicola leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus staphyleae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus staphyleae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella azaroli leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paradoxa leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella perpygmaeella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella regiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Yponomeutidae…