Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ectoedemia minimella parasite

Ectoedemia minimella (Zetterstedt, 1839) broken-barred pigmy Betula pubescens, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Ackerdijkse Plassen mine Mine begins at a globular, black, lower-surface egg shell. From there starts a short tortuous corridor, that widens into a blotch, often between two lateral veins. Frass dispersed. Pupation outside the mine. host plants Betulaceae, nearly…

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a corridor…

Corylus host plants

…pronotum brown, meso- and metanotum each with a pair of dark spots: Incurvaria masculella 6b larva**: entire thorax dorsally yellowish-grey: Incurvaria pectinea 7a initial corridor strongly wound; does not begin on the midrib or petiole: Ectoedemia minimella 7b intitial corridor not contorted, starting on petiole or midrib, widening into a…

Alnus host plants

…pseudostigma & T. stigma 23a short, strongly contorted corridor, quickly widening into blotch: Ectoedemia minimella 23b corridor not cotorted, little of no widening => 24 24a corridor upper-surface, gradually widening, usually strongly discolouring the leaf: Agromyza alnivora 24b corridor full deep, hardly widening, hardly discolouring the leaf; at the start…

Betula nana host plant species

…anderidae leaf miner Incurvariidae Phylloporia bistrigella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tristis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Atemelia…

genus Betula host plant genus

…sakhalinella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tristis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Roeslerstammiidae Roeslerstammia erxlebella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura vicina leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus…

Betula pubescens host plant species

…leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella…

Betula pendula host plant species

…Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

genus Alnus host plant genus

…Heliozelidae Heliozela resplendella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella glutinosae leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona paludella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa dohrnii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf…

Pistacia host plants

…in the end; on P terebinthus only: Ectoedemia terebinthivora 2b gallery not that strongly contorted, nor so strongly widened => 3 3a gallery widening only a little, and gradually; first section not strikingly narrow => 4 3b first half of the gallery thin as a hair, wider only in the…

genus Corylus host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Parornix devoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter coryli leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nicellii leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella floslactella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella microtheriella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium carpini leaf predator Coccinellidae…

Acalyptris pistaciae parasite

Acalyptris pistaciae van Nieukerken, 2007 Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae Pistacia terebinthus, Greece, Délfi (NB the blotchy mines with much frass are Ectoedemia terebinthivora); from van Nieukerken (2007a). detail Pistacia lentiscus, Cyprus; from van Nieukerken (2007a) Pistacia lentiscus, Greece, Athens © Steve Wullaert Pistacia lentiscus, Greece, Lesbos, Krátigos mine On Pistacia lentiscus the…

Corylus avellana host plant species

…Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges pseudostigma leaf miner Curculionidae Tachyerges stigma leaf miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix devoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter coryli leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nicellii leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner…

Alnus viridis host plant species

…leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella glutinosae leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa dohrnii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus vagans leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum stem vagrant Aphididae Clethrobius comes stem vagrant…

genus Pistacia host plant genus

…leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Ochrosis ventralis leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia coruscans leaf miner Gracillariidae Cupedia cupediella leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris pistaciae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia terebinthivora leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi…

Pistacia terebinthus host plant species

…Agonoscena pistaciae leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena gallicola leaf gall Psyllidae Megagonoscena viridis leaf gall Psyllidae Agonoscena targionii leaf miner Gracillariidae Cupedia cupediella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Acalyptris minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Acalyptris pistaciae leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia terebinthivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Simplimorpha promissa leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Pileolaria terebinthi…

September, 2017 news

new species for the Benelux Phytomyza actaeae new book Arnold Grosscurt, Plantengallen aberrant galls on rose Diplolepis nervosa/eglanteriae new pictures Acalyptris minimella; Aceria chondrillae, megacera, stefanii; Acericecis szepligetii, vitrina; Aculus magnirostris; Aecidium ranunculi-acris; Albugo candida; Ametrodiplosis thalictricola; Anthracoidea subinclusa; Aphidoletes aphidimyza; Aphis umbrella; Aploneura lentisci; Arthrocnodax coryligallarum; Carpomya schineri; Clinodiplosis…