Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista atricomella parasite

Elachista atricomella Stainton, 1849 black-headed dwarf mine The larva begins in autumn the making of a long, narrow, corridor with a fine central line of grey frass. The corridor is straight or lightly wavy, and descends into the leaf sheath, or even into the stem or rootstock. The larva regularly…

Carex host plants

…38a head black: Elachista utonella 38b head light brown: Elachista obliquella 39a head dark brown: Elachista gleichenella 39b head light brown => 40 40a prothoracic plate dark brown: Elachista obliquella 40b prothoracic plate light brown: Elachista serricornis 41a head black: Elachista utonella 41b head light brown : Elachista serricornis 42a…

genus Carex host plant genus

…Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista alpinella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista arnoldi leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista biatomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner…

genus Dactylis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum root collar vagrant Miridae Capsus ater flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus flower vagrant…

Dactylis glomerata host plant species

cock’s-foot synonym: Dactylis ciliata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus…

genus Bromus host plant genus

…albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Milium effusum host plant species

…main Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella…

genus Milium host plant genus

…mobilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae…

genus Melica host plant genus

…hystrix leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner main Agromyzidae Cerodontha melicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista compsa leaf miner Elachistidae…

Bromus host plants

…pupation within or outside the mine => 6 5a of the species mentioned below the mines are insufficiently diagnostic and the larvae of most are not well known. A key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, argentella, atricomella, cingillella, elegans, freyerella, lastrella, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, nobilella, sicula, subnigrella 6a larva: mandible…

Dactylis host plants

…7a the species below have been reported from Cock’s-foot; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, atricomella, bifasciella, catalana, chrysodesmella, dimicatella, elegans, freyerella,< a href=””http://bladmineerders.nl/wordpress/elachista-gangabella”>gangabella, griseella, luticomella, maculicerusella, nobilella, obliquella, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 8a larva: mandible with one tooth: Hydrellia…

Melica nutans host plant species

…Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista compsa leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gangabella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia erikssonii leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule…

Melica host plants

…diagnostic, and the larvae of many species are not well known; no key is possble: Elachista adscitella, albidella, apicipunctella, atricomella, cinereopunctella, compsa, gangabella, luticomella, obliquella, subalbidella 3a larva: the black warts at the outside of the rear spiracula are small, without a “root”: Cerodontha incisa 3b these warts large, with…

Milium host plants

…a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana 4b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana 5 of the following species the mines are not diagnostic and the larvae in many cases insufficiently described; no key can be constructed: Cosmopterix orichalcea; Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, atricomella, bifasciella cingillella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, elegans, luticomella, obliquella, stabilella, unifasciella…

Carex hostiana host plant species

tawny sedge synonym: Carex fulva, hornschuchiana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha oedippus root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema confusa root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema subcoerulea leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus goodenowii fruit gall main Ustilaginales Anthracoidea hostianae leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…